It was only six years after the death of King Nebuchadnezzar II, and the dynasty founded by him had already lost power. In mid-May, 556 BC, the throne was captured by the indigenous Babylonian Nabonidus, the son of one of the greatest nobles of Babylon. He married the Egyptian queen Nitokris, the widow of Nebuchadnezzar II, and adopted the prince Belsharruusur (Belshazzar), son of Nebuchadnezzar II and Nitokris. Unlike the kings of the Chaldean origin that preceded him, Nabonid was araeem.
The government of Nabonidus was marked by a series of unprecedented acts. Hardly having mastered the throne, he retired to the Arabian steppes and deserts. Read the rest of this entry »