New excavations at the famous settlement Gobekli-Tepeshowed that the inhabitants of Turkey of the Stone Age worshiped the skulls of dead people, which they covered with abstract patterns and lines, according to an article published in the journal Science Advances.
The Neolithic people who lived in the south of Anatolia and the Levant paid special attention to the skulls of people, kept them in special places and decorated them with soft tissues and paints. Recently, similar skulls were found in Gobekli-Tepe, and their role and function remained the subject of debate among Scientists, writes Julia Gresky of the German Archaeological Institute in Berlin.
Gobekli-Tepe, as well as several other sites of ancient people in Anatolia, such as Chatal-Guyuk and Tepejik-Chiftlik, are today considered to be one of the oldest traces of the existence of the first rudiments of civilization, religion and culture on Earth. Excavations, which scientists have been carrying out here since the 1960s, helped uncover many details of how agriculture arose, the first cities and art, and showed that states and the vertical of power had not existed approximately 8-9 thousand years ago. Continue reading “Ancient people of Turkey worshiped the skulls”
A hundred years ago, scientists doubted for whom a stone pyramid was built on the Sakkara plateau near the ancient Thebes. The affiliation of the pyramids in Giza to the pharaohs of Cheops, Chephren and Mikerin has been known since the time of Herodotus, but to whom the very first six-step community is destined, which for 4650 years was a mystery for a long time, and the problem was solved more than 200 years ago.
True, they knew who built it from the hewn monoliths – the architect Imhotep, about which a lot of information and legends were preserved. Now the pyramid is considered to be the tomb of Pharaoh Djoser, who for long remained with the titles mysterious and mysterious for Egyptology. In encyclopedias, the dates of his reign are conditional, called only XVII century BC. In many history textbooks, he is referred to the legendary kings of Egypt.
Miracles and adventures with the first step pyramid began with the attempts of the German military engineer Minutoli to penetrate into its bowels. For a year he could not find the entrance. In 1821, he struck an incline in a stone mass and immediately stumbled upon a vaulted gallery, and then on a system of complex corridors and passages. The sarcophagus was at the bottom of a deep pit. It was opened, but it was empty. The Germans were discouraged. Continue reading “Secrets of the pyramid of Djoser”