The spring was friendly and sunny was the summer … The generous sun of the Golden Age shone above the sprouting fields and villages scattered across the plains and highlands. In the autumn, the ears were filled with grain, and the whole family went out to harvest: the reapers became one row and, singing the praises of the Great Mother, cut the ears with wooden sickles with silicon inserts.
Then they transferred the grain to a common barn at the tribal church, ground the stone pistils with grain, baked cakes from flour, cooked beer and prepared for the Harvest Festival.
According to ancient customs, we beat all the drums. The sorceresses dance dancing, changing one another, Sing beautiful girls – How carefree they are! In the spring orchid’s bloom, in the autumn – chrysanthemums, so our rituals are continuous…
So described the life of those times the Chinese poet. During the holidays, they treated each other to roast meat – farmers were accustomed to vegetable food, and the meat was considered a delicacy. For the festivities, part of the tribal herd was stabbed: the surplus of grain allowed feed sheep, goats, and cows, gradually they became tame and grazed pasture near the village. In the steppes of Arabia, the crops died from droughts, and the local tribes engaged exclusively in cattle breeding, in the 7th millennium they passed with their herds into the savannah of the Sahara. Huge herds soon exterminated vegetation and after several millennia the Sahara turned into a desert. In the north, the herdsmen mastered the Great Steppe, which stretched from the Danube to the Amur, in the 4th millennium wild horses were tame here, tarpons, who became loyal servants of man.
While the shepherds’ tribes settled on the steppes to the west and east, the farmers of the Near East learned to cultivate new cultures and master new crafts. They learned how to weave flax and began to wear linen clothes – short skirts and loincloths. Baskets of rods began to be coated with clay and burned at the stake, so the first ceramics appeared. Then, roasting ovens and a potter’s wheel were created, Potters became artisans who lived at the temple and received support from the community. In huge ceramic dug in the ground, the communal grain stores were stored – this was done in order to protect it from hordes of mice. On open currents, the grain was guarded by cats who became favorites of farmers – just as dogs were true friends of hunters.
In all their resettlements, the farmers brought a cat with them and carefully provided the southernmost animal with the warmest place in the house. While hunters lived in mobile yurts or temporary huts, farmers lived in houses – this was another invention of that time. The first houses in Palestine were built of unfired clay bricks, they were small buildings in one room, No windows, and no doors yet, the entrance was covered with the skin of the animal, and the hearth was located in the courtyard. Flat roofs covered with reeds and coated with clay – such huts can still be found in the villages of the East, Up to our time they remain a refuge of the poor. In the center of the village was a small clan temple with the clay figure of the Great Mother and an altar for sacrifices, near the temple was a playground for public gatherings.
The community was led by elected priests-priests, who differed little from ordinary peasants. When Yui ruled the Celestial Empire, he walked ahead with a plow and a bend, his thighs were lean, there were no hairs on the shins, says the legend of the ancient leader of the Chinese tribes. Over time, legends turned these leaders into gods, they set temples and offered sacrifices. In those days it was easy to become a god, the world inhabited a multitude of gods and spirits, and people worshiped trees, stones, animals. God became the first blacksmith Hephaestus. Copper and bronze learned to melt as early as the 7th millennium, but these metals were rare, and a few blacksmiths were considered sorcerers and demons. Pronouncing miraculous spells, sorcerers fused to metal and forged axes, swords, and ornaments for the leaders from it.