The Centers for Control and Prevention of diseases (CDC) have spread about the registration of more than a dozen cases of infection with multiresistant strains of pathogens candidacies.
According to CDC experts, this is the first appearance of multiresistant strains of Candida auris in the country – from the first seven patients, four have already died. Resistance to a wide range of antifungal agents does not usually too dangerous disease is potentially fatal. Against them it does not help the traditional treatment based on using the echinocandin drugs or other antifungal.
The infection can affect the middle and inner ear, enters the bloodstream and spread throughout the body.
For the first time these strains were seen in Japan in 2009 and since then has slowly but surely spread throughout the world: after they started to show up in India, South Africa and the UK. According to some assumptions of experts, in the US they can be delivered a few years ago, but so far escaped the attention of physicians because of the difficulties of identification of fungi among the many related species that cause similar illnesses.
According to the CDC report, from May 2013 and up to August 2016 in the United States at least seven people were infected with a dangerous strain of such cases registered in different states. A detail of its epidemiology remains a mystery. Thus, genome analysis pointed to the closeness of the American strain of C. auris isolated in South America and South-West Asia. On the other hand, none of the cases did not travel in these countries and had no recent contacts with their inhabitants.
It is assumed that the fungus can spread in hospitals with the tools, supplies, household articles. In this regard, CDC experts recommend that hospital staff especially carefully follow recommendations for sterilization, antimicrobial treatment and limit contact with infected people.