During excavations in the territory of South Korean scientists have discovered an ancient tomb in which a woman was buried with unusually elongated skull.
Burial belongs to the era of the kingdom of Silla (57 BC – 935 AD). Despite the powerful influence of the kingdom to the modern culture of the Republic of Korea, the scientists very rarely come across intact burial of the time (poorly preserved skeletons in local soils). However, in 2013, archaeologists were lucky: during excavations on the territory of ancient capital of Silla in one of the coffins they found the bones of middle-aged women in top condition.
Analysis of carbon isotopes in the bones showed that during the life of the woman was a strict vegetarian, in accordance with the requirements of the then popular in Korea Buddhist faith. Most calories it received from rice.
From the fragments of the skull, scientists were able to reconstruct the facial features and the shape of the head of the deceased. The woman was peculiar unusual for the east Eurasian – when the ratio of head width to length is 75.9 percent and below. Scientists admit that the woman’s head is specially deformed in childhood. Such rituals practiced in ancient times in many parts of the world, in particular in the territory of the Confederation of Kai, and later went down in the Silla.
But then archaeologists ruled out this hypothesis: when the skull is extended specifically, this process leads to a flattening of the bone at the base of the skull, but the woman from Silla not found. Thus, the elongated head formed by natural causes, but to give them a clear explanation scientists have not yet been able to.