Little Ice Age, scientists have warned could occur on Earth. A new study found that between 2020 and 2030 solar cycles may neutralize each other, resulting in a phenomenon known as the Maunder Minimum.
New model of solar activity shows a violation of the 11-year periodicity. It describes the effects of the dynamo in two layers of the sun, one of which is closer to the surface, the other – in the convection zone deep.
According to the forecast made by Professor Valentina Zharkova, to the third decade of this century, solar activity will decrease by 60 percent, resulting in a small ice age. The study results were presented at a meeting of astronomers in Llandudno in Wales.
The researcher says that in the 26th solar cycle, which accounts for between 2020 and 2030, two waves with a mutual mirror image, are in opposite hemispheres of the sun cancel each other out. As a result of their destructive interaction occurs a significant reduction in solar activity will come a new Maunder Minimum.
Maunder Minimum – a phenomenon of long-term reduction of the number of sunspots from 1645 to 1715. Then the frozen River Thames in London. According to scientists, the waves are in phase and reinforce the activity of the Sun, or, on the contrary, are out of phase, and reduce to a minimum solar activity.
Using their model is based on observations carried out in the Solar Observatory Wilcox. It is reported that the forecast accuracy of 97 percent