Ancient Slavs in Byzantine

Ancient SlavsIn 578 by Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire became Flavius Tiberius II Constantine, who when Justine II distinguished himself as a good military leader, who fought against the new enemies — the Avars. It is unknown what language spoken Avars, there are three versions of their origin: Mongolian, Persian and Turkic, and all three are equally well founded.

Tesnennye other peoples, Avars leave the lands of present-day Western Kazakhstan, and persecuted, are routed to the West. Along the way, they devastated the Earth, utigurov, kotrigurov Sabirov, and ants; ants have been particularly affected, as Avars temporarily settled on the busy antamy recently when Justinian lands in most lower Danube.

The first Embassy of the Avars 558 to Justinian I lay Union against the Huns, the Avars, but then realized that it can confront the Empire. They even commit several successful military campaigns in Germania and Gaul. John of Ephesus (c. 507-c. 586) in 4 years was given to the monastery, approximately 540 years, John moved to Constantinople, although in subsequent years, he has visited places. In the capital, was adopted by the friendship and trust of Emperor Justinian. About seven years later, the Emperor sends John with missionary mission to Asia Minor, to root out Paganism in that region. After the reign of Justinian began religious persecution on miafizitov, and John was a staunch supporter of doctrines, as a result, spent nearly seven years in prison, but after the next change of power and patriarchy, he was released. The date of the death of John is not exactly known, on dubious evidence Kira Batnskogo, he died around the year 588 after a year of detention in Chalcedon, appreciate for unrest after regular harassment. John wrote their works in Syriac, though owned in perfection of Greek. Its main works are: ecclesiastical history and lives of the Eastern saints. We are interested in the subject work ecclesiastical history, which initially covered the period from Julius Caesar and consisted of three parts. Up to the present day survived only a third part, the second part is not fully reached thanks to extracts of other authors of this work. Ecclesiastical history was written by John during the persecution, he did not have the opportunity to edit the text. Not worrying about style, wrote hastily. Most likely, we deal with draft records.

And after these came the troops of Huns and Slavs and became camp Regal Ridge, and broke the outside wall. They looted and burned all the suburbs, taking prisoner all those found there, and again came in second, and a third time. Then romei scored army against them and went, emptying their lands and fighting, and they are visible in this place. So romei got rid of them.

Under the Huns here refers to people of old IND romanthah, who stood out as a result of the collapse of the Huns into two parts and basis of the Bulgarians. In the year 558 Khan Zabergan with bulgaro Slavic army made a trip to Constantinople. The Hun and Slavic tribes until the dissolution of the Huns, naturally, united in unions for military campaigns, and the chiefs mixed unions could even be Slavs. In his writings, Procopius Kessarij writes that the walls of Constantinople were several times due to earthquakes and have not been updated. Thus, the Huns and Slavs can simple enter the city through the gap. In 559 year Commander Emperor Justinian was entrusted with bosses over troops who successfully defeated.

The people of Slavs and about the devastation they fired in Thrace in the third year of the reign of King Taconites meek

In the third year after the death of Justin King and reign left the people of deceitful Slavs. And they marched rapidly through the whole of Hellas, Thessaloniki and Thrace all limits. They captured many cities and castles: they looted and burned, and took prisoner, and began to dominate the Earth and live on it, by egoism dominating, as on its own, without fear, in the sequel four years. And hitherto, owing to the fact that the King was busy Persian war and all its troops sent to East — that is why — they arrived on Earth and live on it now, spread on it. While God is on their side, they, of course, devastate, and tow, and Rob all the way up to the wall to the outer: and all the Royal herds, many thousands, and everything else. Lo and behold, even to this day, to 895 (591), they are sitting in these romejskih. Without worries and fear capture prisoners, kill and tow. And they have been enriched and purchased gold and silver, and herds of horses, and many weapons. And they have learned to fight better than romei, they are simple people who dared not appear and forests and protected trees revenge did not know that such weapons, in addition to the spirit or the three lonhidiev, namely throwing Spears.

Together with the attacks of the Avars, Slavs to penetrate to the Balkans. In 577-578 years the Slavs invaded Thrace and Greece. Prof. Dyakonov contends that army of Slavs reached up to 100 000000 people. Emperor Tiberius easily bleed the two people, Slavs suffer defeat and then still fighting the Avers. Despite the personal leadership of Tiberias, the Byzantine army was defeated in the war against the Avers, and peace with them was bought at the cost of an annual tribute.

Syrian tradition of historiography is that peoples-the inhabitants of the seventh climate are wild, because their temperaments slowed down because the Sun rarely shines over the heads, and the John treated adversely to the Slavs, considering them as barbarians. The reason for negative attitudes lies in Syrian understanding the origin of the Slavs. The Syrian tradition, the Slavs are associated with people of Gog of the land of Maggot (Scythia), as well as are the descendants of Japheth, son of Noah. Here John believes that God is on the side of the barbarians, because from the point of view of monophysitism, so God punished for his sins. John also counts years by the Seleucid era, in this case 895 year Seleucid era corresponds to 591 and at this time already ruled by Emperor Mauritius.

And again rebelled on the people his wild barbarian people, vile, with plaited hair. They are the ones whose name is Avers, is fear, and came from the East. As well as the people of the West yet turned — the slaws and even other peoples called the Lombard’s: because they were also in the Havana, the King of the Avers. They attacked, captured two towns and a lot of his fortresses and told residents of this area: Go, sow is only half of the tax we will take you!

This section called the heinous barbaric people whose hair is called the Avers is not preserved; the test is derived from the writings of Michael the Syrian, who wrote those passages from the ecclesiastical history of John. Here refers to the new invasion of 582-583 of the year, when the Avers stole Mauritius several Daubing fortresses and two major cities.

And people are Slavs plundered everything and church utensils, and large koori moved them to strong Chariots, such as Corinthian ciborium of the Church: its Hagan instead tent stretched and strengthened, and sat. Romeo bribed people of ants, and attacks the land of the Slavs. They conquered it, looted it, removed it and it was good. And this is their area west of the river called Anubis. Of course, the Slavs came that invaded their region, and howls like a lion on its prey. And they gathered many thousands and began the devastation without delay. They were not able to go up and grab the Regal Castle; they went to the city Animal and surroundings. Who out there. And from the troops that there were, were killed. Eventually they broke the wall: stormed into the city and found purple robes, Anastasia, wife of the Emperor Tiberius, arriving devoted to the Church. Hagan took all them and put, saying: the King his wish or not, but carton given me!

John clearly emphasizes the desecration of Christian relics. Separately, you can say about Imperial clothes: wearing any clothing of the King and his family, other people was unacceptable for the Byzantines. And Anubis is, obviously, the Danube. By the way, ants, though were Slavs, but at the time were in hostile relations with the rest of the mass of Slavs and negotiated an alliance with the Empire than it enjoyed, tribes against each other.

Thanks to the works of John, written in the logic of the time, we have a wide range of information about the ancient Slavs, their relations with their neighbors, as well as how to treat themselves Slavs Byzantines at the time. And his extensive ecclesiastical history is a valuable historical source. You cannot ignore the Avers, who played an important role in the formation of the Slavic peoples, facilitating their resettlement to the Balkans, as well as consolidating them into the primary public education.

Slaving is the name used by the Byzantine authors to describe the Slavs, irrespective of their tribal names. Over time (V-VI centuries) saw a narrowing of the meaning of the word, and sklavinami began to denote the Slavic tribes who lived between the Danube and Dniester, Tisane the territory of modern Romania, Moldova, Ukraine and Hungary, in contrast, lived in the Dnieper basin ants.

Misogamist-anesthesiologist doctrine that asserts the unity of the nature of God the word incarnate, i.e. unity of the nature of Jesus Christ, Jesus Christ. Itemization theology acknowledges Jesus Christ as well as true God and true man, i.e. recognizes two committed united nature — divine and human, but unlike heart of biophysicist, sees them in real, rather than the conventional unity.

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