Ten unsolved mysteries of the desert

unsolved mysteriesIt would seem that could be interesting in the vast desert. But in fact, it is the endless sands lie unsolved mysteries of the world. The dead city about which there is no mention in the history, monuments depicting ancient advanced knowledge anomalous artifacts – all these mysteries of the desert yet to be solved mankind.

*. Circles Fairies

Across the Namib desert scattered millions of evenly spaced circles. Their edges are lined with grass knee-high, but inside the circle did not grow, even if to pour the fertile soil. The mystery surrounding the origin of these circles has spawned many theories over the decades, but none have been proven. Scientists suggest that the circles could be the result of the work of termites, swimming in the sand ostriches and zebras, the growth of poisonous plants and mushrooms, or leakage of gas out of the ground. Most of these circles of the fairies appear in the Namib Desert in the 1800 kilometer stretch to the Cape Province in South Africa. The size of the circles of the fairies ranges from 2 to 20 meters, and 75 years later they disappear. What makes them disappear, and nobody knows.

*. Strange grave

The Valley of the Kings, in the same necropolis, where were found the remains of King Tutankhamun, has recently discovered 3,000-year-old mystery. In 2005, under the old huts of workers found the limestone chamber, which houses 28 huge vessels and seven coffins. All the coffins were carefully sealed, and some of them decorated with yellow faces. But none of the coffin was not remains bodies – they jars were filled pieces of ceramics, stones, dirt, fabric, wood powder used in the mummification. One of the coffins was even placed inside another. What has been done – a mystery. There are theories that it was strange contents of waste from other embalming mummies, but what they needed to seal vessels, coffins and export in the location where the royal burial – is unclear.

*. Gas Emissions

In 2003, the satellite is to measure levels of methane found a deadly cloud of this greenhouse gas during the passage of the geographical area of ​​Four Corners in United States. Four Corners – the intersection of Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona and Utah. Something emitted a shocking amount of methane equal to 10 percent of annual emissions of this gas in the entire United States. This phenomenon lasted for six years, then mysteriously stopped. Researchers are still trying to discover the origin of the vast quantities of methane, a gas that has a greater impact on global warming than carbon dioxide.

*. Syrian ruins

In the deserts of Syria has the ruins of which are older than the pyramids. They are the last remnants of the mysterious city, which once stood 80 kilometers from the modern Damascus. It turns out that founded 5,000 years ago the ancient city of Damascus – young compared to these ruins. In 2009, archaeologist Robert Mason led the excavations in the Syrian monastery, built in the fourth or fifth century, when he discovered an unusual tombs and stone rows and circles. Mason also found education, which he called desert snakes, and rocky pitfalls that might driven gazelles and other animals. Pieces of stone tools have been found in close proximity to these structures allow Mason to determine the age of his finds – from 6,000 to 10,000 years. The first pyramid and the Great Pyramid of Giza, believed to have been built 4,500 years ago. Who built the city, and where he disappeared, is still unknown. Because of the war and regular conflicts in the region, it is impossible to properly investigate the desert puzzle.

*. Unknown artifacts

In the desert badlands of Kenya have been found the most ancient stone tools in the world. The discovery, made in 2011, could deny the secular belief that the ancient instruments began to do only the ancestors of modern humans. Age 149 stone artifacts – about 3.3 million years old, and at that time there were no known ancestors of humans. Scientists do not know who made these primitive tools, but argue that the people they have no relationship.

*. Nitrate Atacama

Charles Darwin called the Atacama Desert, a place where nothing can exist. This South American Desert is considered the driest place on the planet at this point in the best case falls 1 mm of precipitation per year. But the desert is the richest source of the nitrate deposits in the world. The puzzle is that in the arid region lacking just the bacteria needed for the formation of nitrate and iodine deposits.

*. Holes in Pisco

Everyone knows about the Nazca Lines, but few have heard of another ancient secret Peru. In the arid region near the Valley of Pisco were found thousands of tapered holes that were carved into the rock by someone unknown. Some suggest that the holes were used as granaries and graves (depth of hole up to 2 meters), but they did not find any food residues or traces of graves. According to preliminary estimates, there are about 6900 such holes in the strip length of about 1.5 km and a width of about 20 meters.

*. Nabta Playa

The Sahara Desert is megalithic structure, which is 1,000 years older than Stonehenge. A place called Nabta Playa, is a ring of stones, standing in five rows. Stones up to 2.7 meters weigh several tons. Age of unknown construction is estimated between 6,000 and 6,500 years old, making it the oldest monument. In this place it was found the burial of cattle, as well as a variety of subjects, but no human remains completely.

*. Spider painting

In the Western Desert of Egypt it was discovered a unique work of art. On the rock slab of sandstone in Kharga Oasis (175 kilometers to the west of Luxor shown what is considered the only example of the rock paintings of spiders all over the Old World. The exact age of the slab, split in two, it is difficult to establish, but Egyptologists believe that it dates back to around 4000 g . BC, when there was not even Egypt.

*. Desert Glass

Tests gemstone scarab, which once belonged to the King Tutu, has shown that the glass it has been done before the first Egyptian civilization. A little later, scientists discovered in the Sahara region in which lurked beneath the sand mysterious blocks of glass. After the atomic bomb test in New Mexico in 1945 alloy in the sand is quite thin layer of glass, as opposed to huge blocks in Egypt. Whatever it was, but it had to ensure that the temperature is higher than a nuclear explosion. And in Southeast Asia was found 800 000-year-old glass block area of ​​almost 800 square kilometers. This suggests that there was something even more dangerous than in Egypt.

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