In the Vedic writings and epics mentioned a large number of ancient dynasties and names of the oldest states in the valley of the Ganges, but the question of the historical reality of this data is very controversial, and in most cases is not confirmed by the materials of archeology. The epic contains various dynastic lists, outlines the events differently, making it difficult to restore indologists political history of the period.
The religious ideas of the Vedic and epic periods contributed to the origin of kings and royal dynasties explained will of the gods. According to the most common tradition, the major dynasties in the valley of the Ganges in the epic period was Sun and Moon, the founders of which are considered descendants of the gods of the sun and the moon. With the solar dynasty contacted hero Ramayana Rama, and from the Moon – known genus of the Kauravas. Descendants of this kind was traditionally the king Bharata, whose name is mentioned in the Rig Veda.
In the Rig Veda contains some of the facts of political history, but the reality of these events is rather questionable. So, tell us about the battle hymns of the ten kings, tribal clash tritsu (Association of Bharata), headed by the king Sudas with the tribes, who were obviously local, non-Aryan, as they are called in the hymn does not sacrifice. Obviously, hymns reflected one of the examples of the Vedic tribes constant competition with local tribes. Bharata in the era of Rpgvedy lived, probably, between the rivers Saraswati (one of the ancient tributary of the Indus) and Yamuna. Despite the defeat, the tribes shura, however, have not lost their influence among the Vedic tribes.
One of the governors called Puru in the Rig Veda conqueror tribe Mlecchas, t. E. Local neariyokih tribes. Puru later joined the alliance of tribes known as Kuru (Kauravas). In the Rig Veda mentions many other tribes, who then played a significant role in the history of ancient India, for example, chedi, Gandhara, kikaty (the ancient name of Magadha).The name Bharata was surrounded by a special aura of glory. In honor of the illustrious king of the wh ole of North India in ancient times it was called Bharatavarsa – the land of the descendants of King Bharata.
Now officially called the Republic of India, Bharat. To sort Bharata treated and some heroes of Mahabharata. The poem itself talks about the Great War the descendants of Bharata. Clash of the Kauravas and the Pandavas on the field of Kuru – Kurukshetra – one of the major episodes of the Indian epic. The question of the historicity of the battle of Kurukshetra very keenly debated in the literature, Indology. Many authors have considered the description of the battle as the real events that took place almost in the fourth or third millennium BC. e. Modern indologists lead already much later date – XI, X, IX centuries. BC. e.
An important event in the resolution of this dispute were excavated Indian archaeologists (headed by BB Lal) in Hastinapur, which is known in the epic as the chief city of the Kauravas. Judging from the excavations, about XI – IX centuries. BC. e. Hastinapur was abandoned by its inhabitants because of the flood, which is consistent with Mahabharata. Regardless of whether there was in fact a bloody battle at Kurukshetra, or is it just a mythical story, rooted, as some scientists, even in the Indo-Iranian period long sopernpchestvo Northern Indian tribes among themselves, of course, led to the increase in the power of some tribes over others.
It is significant that the very ancient Indian tradition holds the battle of Kurukshetra the beginning of a new era. The most powerful and influential, according to the epic, the tribes Pancala kuru and lose political influence in the political arena and there are small states in eastern India, especially Kosala (with capitals in Ayodhya and Shravasti), Kashi (Varanasi main city), Videha (with the capital in Mithila). In the south, there is the modern Bihar state Magadha (capital Girpvradzha and then Rajagriha), in the western regions – Avanti (capital Udzhayapi). In pozdnevediyokoy literature, there are references to the division of the country into three parts:
Brahmavarta or Arya-Varta (country of the Aryans) – a northern country, Madhyadesha – the average country and Daktsshnapatha – southern country, or five parts – the middle, east, west, south, north of the country. Authors pozdnevediyskih samhithas and Udapishad fact was well known to the whole of North India, many regions of Central (north of Narbady) and Eastern India. At that time there was already osioashom that the political map, which is then introduced to us the following sources, magadhsko-mauriyokogo period.