There are some notable differences between the modern cities and ancient villages. For example, use an array of new technologies that are changing the way we plan and organize our cities. We also have different cultures, and our economic priorities have changed considerably in comparison with what was typical of agricultural societies in ancient times.
However, a recent study conducted by experts University of Colorado at Boulder University of Colorado , Boulder, suggests that cities of different eras are not so different from each other, as one would assume. These researchers found that the modern city developed in the same way as ancient settlements, and this discovery could change the way we plan our future city.
For this study, a team of experts used a measuring 4 thousand ancient settlements, temples and houses in the place which now occupies Mexico City. Employee of the journal Science Emily Conover (Emily Conover) explains: Since the material objects that were owned lived at this place people were lost, the researchers used a replacement for the performance of each settlement – the number and size of such monuments and buildings of their inhabitants.
The study showed that the expansion of both modern and ancient cities were in accordance with the same set of rules, which are called urban scaling (urban scaling). These rules say that the growth of the population of the city people prefer to settle more tightly and not move away from the center. “It allows people to live a more compact, more intensive use of infrastructure, often interact and as a result produce more in terms of a single person,” – said one of the experts University of Colorado at Boulder.
The article, which was published last week in the journal Science Advances, this group of professionals makes it even one step further and shows that the ancient settlements, as well as modern cities become more productive with the growth of population. In some cases, the level of performance exceeded population growth, which suggests that there is a change was due not only to an increase in the number of employees.
As the population of the community or settlement of the total production of the group increased even more rapidly, – said one of the main authors of the publication Ortman Scott (Scott Ortman). – Theory of Urban scaling argues that the increase in productivity is the result of increasing the degree of social interaction. Contact with one another are cheaper because they are closer to each other in a physical sense.
As pointed out by Conover, the overall trend does not depend on the size of the settlement, although you can draw this conclusion: the larger the city, the more productive people.
It was amazing and unbelievable – said, not hiding his feelings, Ortman. – We were raised on the same diet, and we talked about the fact that, thanks to capitalism, industrialization and democracy modern world is radically different from what it was in the past. However, we found that the fundamental drivers of sustainable socio-economic models in modern cities precede all this.
The study may help scientists better understand how the functioning of the city, and even it can affect the future plans of architects and urban planners. For example, one of the keys to the formation of a lively and productive culture may be more public spaces where people get the opportunity to build and strengthen social bonds. This means – makes a great space.Original publication: Modern Cities Grow the Same Way As Ancient Ones