A group of researchers of Cuba and Spain opened 18 previously unknown to science new species of mollusks in the Cuban region of Guantanamo in the east of the island. 2 species of gastropods exist in the area of Punta Caleta owned the protect ecological Mays Caleta. Another 16 species of snails found in the bay near Taco Baracoa on the territory of Alejandro de Humboldt National Park. The park is named after the German scientist Alexander von Humboldt, who visited the island in the early 19th century. In 2001, the park is included in the UNESCO World inheritance List.
As reported recently provincial newspaper Venceremos, discovery allowed to fill knowledge of marine biodiversity in the world. Now the number of living in Cuba shellfish increased to 502 species. Point of invertebrates does not exceed $ 4 millimeters in width and 8 mm in length. Description shellfish, which are not convene in any fraction of the world, given the Spanish biologist Jesus Horta, previous professor at the University of Oviedo and Jose Espinosa, lecturer of Havana Institute of Oceanology. All 18 spineless creatures are previously assigned to the Latin names. One of the gastropods, as in the scientific world is called the class of snails, given the name in honor of Astyris hartmanni historian Baracoa Alexander Hartmann Matos for his great contribution to the learn of biological diversity in the east of Cuba since the late 60s of the last century to the present day.
During their work, scientists have carried out 4 research expeditions in September 2013 and in March, June and August 2014. The studies were conducted at 3 locations. Nibuhon, bay and Taco Yamaniguey. Biologists sank to the underneath of diving or snorkeling mask. Biomaterials were evaluated visually or with the help of pictures and their following learn. In addition, the researchers took samples of living and nonliving substrate examined together the remnants of dead organisms. When determining where investigate reflects the specificity of bottom topography and opportunities for scuba diving to a depth of 16 to 30 meters. The results show good forecast for additional exploration of the deep sea. Therefore, scientists are not going to stop the learn and intend to continue working in other water areas and at different times of the year, given the seasonality of some of the inhabitants of the watery world, such as algae and associated fauna.