Recent archaeological finds might help to rewrite the history of the ancient earth. Unique artifacts of ancient sources confirm the evidence that from Armenia to Mesopotamia spread knowledge in at least five sectors – construction, metallurgy, granule cultivation, horticulture, viticulture.
Unique artifacts found during excavations of Shengavit 4-3 thousand. BC. E. Once again confirmed that Armenia is home to industry, jewelry, wine and horse breeding. All this proves that the 4 to 3 thousand. BC. e. Armenia was a highly developed state, the exclusive carrier of culture. This conclusion came a group of archaeologists exploring this ancient city.
For example, found on the territory of Shengavit glass beads are superior in quality Egyptian. A number of detected horse bones exceeded all expectations of researchers. On this occasion, the German Hans Peter pale zoologist Uertman said he had not seen such a large number of horses around the Ancient East. In the workshops found a huge number of stone tools. And found evidence of copper manufacture allow us to judge that in Armenia was established systematic production of iron, said the correspondent. GA Director of the Institute of Historical and Cultural Heritage at the Ministry of Culture Hakob Simonyan and added that this is only the commencement, we are waiting for a lot of surprises.
On the southern slopes of Mount Aragats, in the territory of which anciently called Naver in 1975, were discovered ancient necropolis Nerkin Naver – bottom of the grave and Verin Naver top. Nakhodka immediately attracted the attention of archaeologists. It became clear where the name of the neighborhood did. New-fangled or nave in many ancient European languages is not only the ship, but also grave. Apparently, in ancient times, this concept is not only associated with sea travel. It also had a sacred meaning – ships have carried the souls of the dead to the afterlife. The entire fleet of these ships showed the world such an abundance of unknown facts that simply stunned researchers. Mounds date back to 3 to 2 millennium BC. This was confirmed by a sequence of radiocarbon analyzes of artifacts held in laboratories in Germany and the USA.
Nerkin Naver – a place of burial of high-ranking persons, Verin – peasants. At the top of the graves excavated an area of 7 thousand sq. M. m where found 70 burial mounds of the common people in the lower graves excavated only 8 princely burial mounds. As part of the Armenian-American archaeological expedition from 2009 – 2012. Candidate of historical sciences Hakob Simonyan doing research of this unique place. The collected material suggests that Armenia is the ancestral home of the Indo-European civilization, says Hakob Simony an. This is the most ancient burial places where recorded information Aryan way of Aryan thinking. Here we find evidence of production, unique for that time. Finds brings a new level of interpretation of the development of civilizations.
At the burial site found much gold jewelry, weapons, bones revered animals, wonderfully ornamented black and pitchers. This traditional set of inherent burials of that period. However sensational finds release this necropolis of its kind. It is a canned message for centuries provides a sufficient understanding of the role and significance of ancient Armenian civilization. For all these parameters correspond to the burial Aryan (Indo-European) concepts. The ritual burial wore a very complex character.
Here we have all types of Indo-European burials: cremation senior person gnawing corpses specially trained dogs approximate king and simple burial peasants. Past buried at his side: men on the right, women on the left – continues Hakob Simonyan. A in every royal burial, as a rule, found the bones of two sacrificial horses. But the most striking – a bit of iron, which, according to substance analysis, its composition is similar to the most ancient and famous to date hardware from Dorak and Alagja Uyuka Asia Minor, the end of the 3 millennium BC. In fact, it is the third such find in the world, dating from the 23 century. BC In mound N2 discovered black hydria (pitcher) for coat hanger which depicts six pairs of wheels of the chariots. The wheel 4 spokes. This is typical of the earliest chariot wheels. One more striking finding – krasnoloscheny pitcher. It depicts a herd of purebred domesticated horses. This is expressively their cropped manes and tails braided. Image of a group of antiquity known throughout the Near East. This fact is a physically powerful quarrel in favor of Armenia, among other things, is home to horse breeding. The picture is complemented by gold items, beads of colored glass. Some products are made of quartz. It’s amazing; when you consider that the melting temperature of quartz is 1700 degrees Celsius. How did they do it, remains a mystery? This quality of glass is known throughout the ancient East end of 3 millennium BC. Glass beads have been found in the settlement Shengavit, ancient finds at the previous 1000 years. Patterns on gold ornaments earthenware products is repeated. And as ceramics, as a rule, local production, the rational to assume that gold jewelry – the handiwork of the same local craftsmen.
MANY facts indicate that Armenia at that time was integrated into international trade relations. An example of this is the Mesopotamian seashells, bead agaltomelita deposits of this stone are found only in Korea, China and Japan, beads of lapis lazuli from Badashhana Middle Eastern, imported from the East Coast of the Mediterranean products, etc. This implies the conclusion that trade relations already regulated by specific legal norms, for example, contracts for the sale, exchange and others.
Another finding, which occupies a separate place in importance – is the rapier. By all measures, this is the first professional military weapons. It dates back to the XXIII. BC ghostly analysis showed that the foil is made of tin bronze. The tin content in the foil is 11-12%. This is a classic formula. According to isotopic analysis, copper ore Armenian origin. It was mined in Alaverdi (Lori). Tin – imported presumably from Central Asia. It should be famous that all these artifacts common with the samples obtained from the ancient city of Shengavit. There is also experiential rapid development of crafts and technologies (pottery, metallurgy, wine).
On this occasion, a professor at Pennsylvania State University archaeologist Michael Rothman, who is involved in the excavations of Shengavit, said that all obtained data propose that approximately 3 millennium BC. Culture of ancient Armenia spread around the world. Armenia – a missing fragment of a total mosaic of building civilizations of the antique world. Shengavit and Naver complement those absent links that we have encountered in the study of ancient culture. According to the American scientist in common with the ancient Mesopotamian information sources the poem of Gilgamesh 3 millennium BC. Et Al, which states that from Armenia to Mesopotamia, spread knowledge of at least five sectors – building, metallurgy, cultivation of grain, horticulture, viticulture.