Why the scarab did was the sign and personification of the sun god? People saw: just pass on the way a herd of horses, leaving behind heaps of manure – and then go fly a swarm of black beetles. Each of them begins to wield hard legs, head and full body, clinging manure balls that plus extra, and heavier than the preponderance of the pest. Then scarab pushes almost perfect sphere from east to west, sometimes for several tens of meters. During this Sisyphean labor still manage to find a male companion. Find a suitable location, a couple of digs the hole, pushes a ball of dung, the female lays an egg in it, and then the entry to the hole is filled. A few weeks later there offspring, eating the similar compost.
In the view of the unknown Egyptians the sun – a fiery sphere, pushed across the sky from east to west deity with the head of a scarab. Every evening, the lights go out in the world of shadows to rise in the morning, once again giving life and heat every thing. In the similar way, considered the Egyptian sages and a small beetle follow the path of the sun from east to west, keeping the ball in his germ of prospect life. And even in the teeth of his skull they saw the likeness of sunlight.
Scarab – a sign of renaissance and rebirth to a new life – accompanied by the Egyptians after death. They believed that the soul, freed after the death of the body rises and continues on his way to one extra world. So when they place in the mummification of the body the heart of ceramic, stone and other material from the hallowed carved on it the image scarab, otherwise even placed his form instead of a heart. So scarab signaled the concealed power of the heart, which man had to awaken in ourselves in order to be reborn, die and rise again, to overcome any trial awaiting him in life and after death.
In addition, the scarab was the sign of the student in Egypt and his path to wisdom. Just as the scarab stubbornly and persistently turns shapeless, viscous mass of manure into a ball, in arrange to lay in it the seed of life, the student on the path of wisdom, must transform shapeless and viscous mass of its shortcomings and limitations in an ideal, perfect, fiery and transparent scope, reflecting the light of the Spirit.
Thus, the scarab was expensive, close to the heart of every Egyptian sign that helped overcome the most terrible ordeals, remind the person that it is the heart that his soul can be reborn, resurrected and become like the rising sun, the darkness and bringing winning life, warmness with light.
One autumn evening in 1998 a group of officials, accompanied by armed guards entered the hall of theEgyptianMuseuminCairo, which holds treasures from the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamun, and the eyes of lots of visitors detained of the sacred scarab showcases. This amulet decorated with the sign of the sun god oval stone yellow, involved scientists from the normal History Museum of Milan. They saw this as a clue to rock one of the mysteries of the Sahara Desert.
Studies conducted by the Italians, confirmed their guesses. The stone which the discoverer of the tomb of Tutankhamen Howard Carter found semiprecious chalcedony, in fact, turned out to be … the glass, but it is strange, the cleanest of yet found in nature. This purity gives it special properties. For example, it begins to melt at 1700 degrees Celsius, which is 500 degrees above the melting temperature of other natural glasses. If it is glowing red hot and throw cold water, it will not crack. That is, by its characteristics is a natural silicate glass is superior to many of today’s high-tech glass.
This amazing stone is not alone. It turns out that in the Egyptian Sahara whole placer of the glass, from small pieces of boulders weighing up to 26 kilograms. With this unusual natural phenomenon faced back in the 1930 expedition, the wheels on the Sahara in search of treasures of ancient civilizations and misplaced cities, in exacting, the famous oasis Zenzura. According to expert merely in the area of the plateau Saad scattered more than 1,400 tons of pure glass yellow-green color. In some of the samples are found swirling patterns of black color. A large content of iridium indicates their extraterrestrial origin – this item is contained in some meteorites plus comets. Scientists have hypothesized that in mysterious times the Sahara large meteorite exploded like Tunguska. Thus heat from the sand, silicate rich, melted and transformed into glass.
This glass has been used by people for a complete time. In the wilderness are knives, axes, arrowheads complete from this material is almost 100 thousand years ago. But before the discovery of Tutankhamun’s scarab no one suspected that the unknown Egyptians knew about the unusual glass large sandy beach and that they take him this far – hundreds of miles from the near habitat. Scarab is the just jewel of the silicate glass, found amongst the treasures of Ancient Egypt.