The construction is careful one of the most important discoveries in Greek archeology in recent years, and the local media are in conflict about who can be buried in the tomb. Archaeologists have penetrated into the third chamber in the tomb on the hill Caste in Amphipolis 104 kilometers east of Thessaloniki, Greece.
This building dates from the time of Alexander the Great, and, according to experts, was built by the chief architect – Dinocrates. Excavations conducted by a team of archaeologists led by Catherine Peristeri
The new camera is a room with a semicircular vault filled with soil. On the limestone walls of the tomb there are traces of red paint.
Tomb of a hill surrounded by an imposing wall Casta, the perimeter of which is about 490 meters. Originally on the mound mound was a statue of a lion, a height of about 5 meters. Now she moved to a nearby road.
In August, archaeologists discovered two partially destroyed the statues of sphinxes that guarded the entrance to the burial site. Sphinxes reached about 1.5 meters in height. The weight of each – about 1.5 tons. The head and wings of creatures lost.
Over the past few weeks in the tomb were discovered mosaic floors, as well as two caryatids – female statues, perform the role of columns or supports, – stood guard in the second doorway.
Mosaics, which were covered floors, consisted of rough pieces of white marble laid on a red background.
Caryatids carved out of marble brought from theislandofThasos. They have traces of blue and red paint. Sculptures stand between two marble columns supporting the floor joists. Caryatids dressed in tunics, they have an earring. Do girls have long, thick hair covering their shoulders? One person survived caryatids almost intact, the second – lost. Pieces of the palms and fingers sculpture fragments were extracted from the ground, filling the chamber.
The right hand of the western caryatids and the left hand is stretched east, symbolically if they warn against any attempt to penetrate the burial place, according to the Ministry of Culture of Greece.
During excavations were also found three architectural details – epistilya lower part of the entablature. They are also traces of blue and red paint.
Archaeologists reticent about someone who could find rest in the tomb. Some experts not involved in the excavation, it is believed that it could be buried in one of the companions of Alexander the Great or one of his relatives. But it’s not exactly Alexander himself – written sources say that he was buried inAlexandriabut his burial has not been found.