First Temple was built on the Temple Mount in 950-m, and destroyed the 9th of Av 586 The fifth month of the Jewish calendar, the summer months of July and August. No one can explain the reason that sometimes, certainly the 9th of Av, on the Wailing Maaravi Water droplets appear, surprisingly reminiscent of tears. The last time this happened a few decades ago. Then, many collected these tears in bottles and still keep them as a relic of Judaism.
And I have not heard the legend that every 9th of Av falls on the Wailing Wall and the snow-white dove sitting there motionless until the end of this day of mourning. Legend has dove symbolizes the soul of the Jewish people.
Once in the morning last year the 9th of Av at the Wailing Wall, I deliberately decided to see if it’s true. Long looked at the wall, and that’s one of her stones really noticed the still white, spotless dove. Accident? Possible. I left Jerusalem. A friend of mine spent the evening in the Holy City tour. I called him and asked to see on the spot whether another legendary bird. He told me that yes, here it is, my dear.
Jerusalem captured troops Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar. Babylonians destroyed the city and the Temple, which existed for about four centuries, burned. Many Jews were killed, some of them were taken prisoner.
Only after coming to power of the Persian king Cyrus the Jews were allowed to return to their homeland. In the year 538 BC. e. they began to rebuild the Temple. He was consecrated 70 years after burning – in 516 BC. e.
When Antiochus IV Epiphanes tried to force the Jews to abandon their religion and language, he met with stubborn resistance on their part. Then Antiochus plundered the Temple, and in 167 BC. e. defiled it by setting it on the altar altar of Zeus. Jews led by Judah Macca bee revolted and won, and then re-consecrated the Temple. Since then, for the third millennium in honor of this victory is celebrated annually on the feast of Hanukkah.
In 22 BC. e. it was decided to reconstruct the temple. In his recovery attended different rulers, but especially trying to recreate the Jewish shrine Herod the Great. The expansion and alteration of the Temple took place more than 80 years.
At the next uprising of the Jews in Jerusalem were directed more Roman troops led by Titus. The siege lasted for five months. The city ended the food that was the main cause of his downfall. The rebels did not surrender, but, exhausted, died under the blows of the Roman swords.
Capturing Jerusalem, Titus ordered the destruction of the Temple. This happened in 70 AD.
When restoring the Temple of Herod proposed doubling the area of the Temple Mount. But for security reasons it was necessary to erect a retaining wall.
One of them, located on the west side, are still preserved.
She is known to us as the Wailing Wall.
There is a legend that when the Temple Mount to build a wall, wise King Solomon ordered:
South of it will build to know the eastern – the Kohanim priests, the descendants of Aaron, the older brother of Moses. And the other priests Levites. The northern – merchants and western – the poor. Solomon issued this decree to the people realized that the Temple in Jerusalem- this is a common shrine and common heritage. Wealthy Jews have to build their sections of the wall a lot of money – they are very generously paid work best workers and engineers. A poor nowhere to take the money, and they built the western wall with their hands.
Once the wall was finally established, a voice came from heaven the Lord: I swear that the western wall will stand forever. And my presence beside her, too, will be eternal!
The western wall has survived all the tragedy of the Israeli people and the only remaining fragment of the first Temple of Jerusalem. Restoring the temple during the reign of Cyrus, it was not necessary to build this wall again. She was only restored. When Herod the west wall only expanded, its foundation stones still remain inherent poor even during the reign of Solomon.
In the XVI century Jerusalem captured Sultan Selim I Ferocious. He chose to live a house opposite the Temple Mount. From the window of a fine view. But the experience spoiled stench emanating from the nearest hill.
Sultan ordered to figure out what was wrong. It turned out that the local Christian priests had long been ordered residents of Jerusalem to throw garbage here from all over the city. Selim ordered the immediate release of this place from the landfill. Debris accumulated so much that when ferocious did not have time to get rid of. Finally figured out the dump only when the son of Selim – Suleiman the Magnificent. It was found that under a pile of dirt that was most sacred to Jews wall.
Suleiman ordered the Jews to provide near her pray.
Christians do not dare to object to the powerful sultan.
In those days, the Jews called Wailing Wall and the wall-Kinot – wall funeral prayers in memory of the destroyed Temple.
Jews turned to God here until 1949, until the Wailing Wall was not under the auspices of Jordan, whose authorities forbade Jews to pray here.
But the Jews all over the world for centuries raised a toast to the meeting in Jerusalem, and implying that the opportunity to drop to their historical relics – the Wailing Wall.
Only in 1967, during the legendary Six-Day War, Jews liberated Jerusalem.
On newsreels, extant, it is seen as young soldiers are attacking the Temple Mount. Some fall dead or wounded, and others, to run to the Western Wall, tears pouring down her cheeks. And they do not cry from fear or sorrow, and joy that first carried the dream of many generations of their ancestors – hoisted over the Western Wall Israeli flag.
Many believers from all over the world come to Jerusalem in order to visit the Wailing Wall, to communicate with the Lord here and invest in the gap between the stones of a note with your requests.
Where did the custom to put on the wall turning to God?
In ancient times, going to distant lands, people drove a nail between the stones of the Western Wall. Nail immediately became a talisman, guarding the traveler. Returning home, the traveler removed this nail out of the wall. Jerusalem rabbis considered it blasphemy. They offered just invest in the crevices of the note with reference to God and try to do it yourself. Based on ancient documents, their request was fulfilled by the Lord.