Civilization of Ancient Egypt affects its researchers developed compared with the rest of the time. In addition to the impressive historical and artistic value and practical value exists Egyptian knowledge:
technology, open in this ancient kingdom are not forgotten for centuries. Many of them are used by our contemporaries, not even aware that they owe their comfort centuries-old heritage.
* Eye Makeup
Since the first application (about 4000 BC. E.) Eye makeup never ceased to be relevant. To create beauty mascara master used a mixture of mineral galena with carbon black (for black) or malachite (for green shade).
Makeup in ancient Egypt was not exclusively female attribute. Acting as a status indicator, up eyes isolated representatives of noble estates. Also Egyptians believed that properly applied makeup to protect against disease and the evil eye.
In ancient times, pictures’ telling about anything was a natural thing, but systematization in the universal language of the invention it has become ancient Egypt. The first such characters appeared around 6000 BC. e. were icons representing real objects. Over time, they became more sophisticated appearance of elements such as signs of the alphabet and the accessories that allow to express more abstract concepts.
Today, the ancient Egyptian civilization is strongly associated with long narratives of the hieroglyphs on the walls of the pyramids. Thanks to them, we know so many details about the life of this amazing nation.
* Sheets of papyrus
All agree with unconditional significance of the invention of paper in China around 140 BC. e. However, for a thousand years before the ancient Egyptians decided this question is not as elegant learning process plant fibers, abundant rosshey along the banks of the Nile. Using sheets of papyrus for writing, creating clothing and sails, they came to the advanced level of the industry at the time. Keeping development technologies secret, Egyptians successfully traded this material throughout the region.
The significance of the calendar for the modern man, conferring on him the reminder function on holidays and scheduled visits, lost before his colossal importance for the ancient Egyptian. For the last calendar was a source of knowledge about the flooding of the Nile, the different seasons and other key moments of life. So necessary thing was invented around 1000 BC. e.
Calendar included three-season floods, growth and harvest, each of which lasted for four 30-day months. In sum, almost familiar to us was obtained from the sum of 360 days. Adding 5 days annually allocated for religious holidays, Egyptians brought their system to the modern standards.
Much evidence indicates that the first device that allows you to plow the field, appeared in Egypt around 4000 BC. e. Of course, the first mechanisms were quite weak on the effects on the soil and created on the basis of hand tools, but they have made a huge contribution to the improvement of agriculture. Even more significant step Egyptian Agriculture did when about 2000 years BC. e. people guessed used as a driving force for the construction of oxen.
* Breath freshener
As modern people, the ancient Egyptians sometimes suffer from halitosis. His appearance helped numerous infections of the mouth. In ancient Egypt, was developed enough medicine, but, alas, dentists had not yet appeared. As a result, people had to endure the toothache from year to year. Such conclusions do research allows mummies, including healthy teeth were a rarity even among the young. To somehow disguise the unhealthy condition of the oral cavity and the concomitant smell Egyptians invented granules, which combined cinnamon, frankincense, myrrh and honey designed to give breathing pleasant aroma.
90 km south of Cairo, archaeologists have discovered a curious room equipped with walkways and storing a large number of balls of different sizes. In the middle of each track (which had a length of 3.9 m) was located square hole. Terms of ancient game differed from the modern bowling: participants aim was to throw a different size balls in the hole while trying to knock off course instrument of the enemy.
* Haircuts and shaving
Hygienic considerations living in hot climates people formed the first in the history of fashion for short hairstyles. Long hair and beards were considered a sign of the lower classes. Egyptians presented to the world barber profession: masters of this craft used sharpened stone, and, with the advent of new technologies, and copper blades. And yet, in spite of the prevailing trends, particularly notable people liked to wear wigs and even artificial whiskers, making them look particularly stylish.
* Door Locks
The very first door lock was discovered in Egypt. The design of this mechanism includes a 60-inch bolt that connects to the contacts on the doorjamb. Discovery was made using specially selected key. Inserted in the hole, it presses down on the contacts and cleared the door locking bolt. Careful device had only one problem – excessive massiveness, but given the security provided by the castle, you can dismiss it.
In ancient Egyptian burial sites, archaeologists often find toothpicks. Ancient Egypt is also credited residents use toothbrushes (wooden sticks, split ends). But representatives have much success this wise civilization in creating materials for dental care. Recently been discovered during the excavations of recipes and instructions for use of a Means for perfect white teeth, which includes in its membership the rock salt, mint, dried iris flowers and black pepper.