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The lost city of Atlantis

09 Jun

Lost cityIt was a bountiful land, blessed by lush vegetation and the existence of valuable mineral deposits, including gold and silver. His people enjoyed a high scientific and cultural level. The name of that fabulous kingdom and its great city is Atlantis.

The only description of Atlantis has left us is the work of the ancient Greek philosopher Plato, and dates back to 347. C. But even Plato is a firsthand witness; the philosopher did no more than repeat the stories written by an Athenian traveler, Solon , who then repeated what had nest count Egyptian priests.

The story told by Plato states that Atlantis was a great nation, but entered a period of decline; His people, then fell into abominable forms of corruption and a terrible punishment deserved bad. In a day and a night, the whole island, 560 km wide, was destroyed by a catastrophe of incomparably greater than all known magnitude.

The island was devastated by a volcanic explosion which was followed by a tsunami; twenty-four hours he disappeared under the sea. Plato placed this tragic moment in the history of Atlantis in a period today can date in 9600 before the Christian era.

This will allow it to locate the island somewhere in the Atlantic Ocean; but this theory, geologists say, may not be correct, because in the bed of the Atlantic there is no land mass susceptible to have ever been the island of Plato Does this mean that Plato used erroneous data?

Or just invented the whole story, as a moralizing fable? It seems that the epic tale Plato has solid apoyaturas in a historical reality, although their data on chronology and geography of Atlantis are erroneous. Either way, the lost island is a puzzle that has for centuries intrigued men.

Here are a few: central Atlantic. Throughout the seabed north and south Atlantic, vast stretches dorsal 8-shaped, from Iceland to the island of Tristan da Cunh a. Some suggest that the higher parts of the mountain range, especially around the bow of the Azores, were once above sea level, forming the land of Atlantis.North America.

Public interest in the lost kingdom of Atlantis if revived as soon as Christopher Columbus returned to Europe with their story!, On land across the ocean. The English philosopher Francis Bacon intimately related the legend and historical reality in his work The New Atlantis. For its part, the historian John Sevain he wrote: You can have that once America was part of that great region Plato Atlantis Island Wednesday, and the monarchs of the island maintained trade relations with the peoples of Europe and Africa.

Continental bridges. Various theories have been proposed about continental bridges in ancient times may have linked Africa to South America or Europe through the British Isles, Iceland and Orodrilandia-with North America. . The Sargasso Sea The sargoso Portuguese word designates floating seaweed; these algae precisely constitute the Sargasso Sea. For a long time, sailors believed that algae covered shoals; they could have ever been sunk Atlantis. But there you shallow beneath the Sargasso: the sea is there 456 meters average depth.

The Scilly Isles. Historians Phoenicians, Greeks and Romans agree to refer to certain tin islands near the British coast located. These islands actually exist, at the height of Cornwall, and are the only centers. But have no relationship to the lush island described by Plato.

Bimini. Cayce said that Atlantis was destroyed by an atomic explosion, as their inhabitants mastered the science of nuclear fission. The American seer Atlantis geographically situated on the island of North Bimini, a small member of the Bahamas, and predicted that in 1968 or 1969 lost civilization some aspects of ancient temples could be discovered.

However, in 1968, a veteran American zoologist and expert diver, Dr. J. Manson Valentine, discovered under the sea, off the coast ofNorth Bimini, a strange stone structure. The main wall of about 600 kilometers long, was built of huge blocks of stone, more than five square meters each.

Subsequent expeditions-and there were many-supported and refuted, alternatively, the conclusions of Dr. Valentine. These findings, in essence, said that the port was a stone structure built by man. New Atlantis has been discarded.

However, the last two American expeditions to Bimini, conducted in 1975 and 1977, returned with findings that lead to very different conclusions. Nevertheless, the most likely place where perhaps ever existed Atlantis, among the many sites that have been proposed, is not in the Caribbean. Today, many archaeologists believe that Plato made two glaring errors in his description of the lost island.

However, today we know that around that time the center of the Island of Minos Kalliste-is now known as Santorini is halfway between Crete and continental Greece snapped at the hands of a volcanic eruption of incalculable destructive power. The open in the middle of the island crater was immediately covered by the sea. Archaeologists dig now volcanic ash deposits, 30 meters deep, covering what once was the beautiful island described by Plato.

The crater launched air molten rock spewed ash and pumice on overcrowded boats; the boat people, unable to escape, died a slow, horrible death, but the torrent of burning lava was growing breathable atmosphere. For some, the agony ended with the arrival of a giant wave, maybe 60 feet high, which the island and destroyed the boats.

The huge wave, traveling at over 240 miles per hour, soon reached Crete, Minoan empire heart; water swept all cities and villages along the north coast and destroyed the port that supplied the capital,Knossos. Ashfall covered an area of over 16,000 square kilometers. Today, when the maps contained in the name of Santorini, the island is split into fragments and barren desolate under a layer of ashes; in fact, it has become a group of small islands: the two main, Thesa and Therasia, are characterized by inaccessible cliffs, 300 feet high; is divided by a leak twelve miles wide, which in some sections is 300 meters deep.

Sea water has covered the boiler, the dead heart of the volcano, formed when molten rock cooled and collapsed. They consist of black lava rocks, and of them lazy columns of smoke rise: Pale but remember threats cataclysm that perhaps the legendary kingdom of Atlantis destroyed.

Plato’s Atlantis: In the center of the Island extendiese a plain, reputedly the most beautiful and fertile of all plains. Around the hill, as gray-Medes, were two rings of land, surrounded by three rings of the sea. In the center of the hill was located a shrine to Poseidon and Cleito; a wall surrounding the Golden Temple, which was forbidden to pass. All this occurred in the plenty; holy island, when he was still in the sun.

Another temple, dedicated only to Poseidon, was made entirely of silver except the statues, which were gold. Two sources, one warm and one cold, They provided the island of unlimited quantities of water; next to it had been built hot springs, designed to kings and commoners, women and horses.

In the outer rings of land shipyards and ports, surrounded by a dense wall of buildings, houses settled. In this area, where a large population lived, arose a constant din of voices and noises during the day and as much as overnight. Beyond the plains where they reached perfection these aromatic substances which also produces the earth today and are made as of roots, herbs and trees, flowers or fruit spread. All this occurred in the plenty; holy island, when he was still in the sun.

 
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Posted by on June 9, 2014 in Atlantic, Historical, Island

 

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