Old tomb(3300 year) of the pyramid at the entrance found in Egypt

old tombArchaeologists have unearthed in the ancient cemetery at Abydos tomb. Its age is approximately 3300 years old, and over the entrance to her once supposedly towered seven-meter pyramid.

In one of the vaulted burial chambers team of researchers has discovered the sarcophagus of sandstone, painted red. It was created for a scribe named Horemheb. On the sarcophagus preserved images of several Egyptian gods and hieroglyphic inscriptions with spells from the Book of the Dead, helping to move the deceased in the afterlife.

Mummy in the sarcophagus was found, and, apparently, the tomb was robbed at least twice in antiquity. However, some human bones have survived defeat: archaeologists have discovered the tomb of dismembered remains 3-4 men, women 10-12 and at least two children.

Burial chambers were originally under, and above them towered pyramid.

Initially, the visible part of the structure is a pyramid and possibly low wall around the entire complex – says Kevin Cahail of the University of Pennsylvania, who led the excavation. – In the pyramid itself probably was something like a funerary chapel. Rather, in It also once was a statue or obelisk listing the names and positions of persons buried here.

Today, all that remains of the pyramid – is thick wall base. The remaining parts are either not preserved or have not yet been found.

According Kaheyla small pyramid crowned by last refuge of elite individuals, were not uncommon at the time. Researchers believe that family Horemheb had military ties and therefore could not afford such an elaborate tomb.

In another burial chamber, where there is no sarcophagus were found ushebti figurines, which were made to do the work of the deceased in the afterlife. Inscription on one of the figures reads: Guardian of stability, Ramses. Perhaps this is the designation of military rank, and Ramesses name or father or older brother of Horemheb.

Kaheyl noted that Horemheb and Ramses were namesakes of two military leaders, who were their contemporaries. These leaders eventually became the ruling pharaohs. Perhaps these names were just very common at the time – says Kaheyl.

One of the most interesting artifacts discovered team turned the amulet in the shape of heart made of red and green jasper. Hard stone was split into three parts.

This magnificent object – example of a very rare type of amulets – commented Kaheyl. – He probably adorned the chest of one of the dead together with necklaces, gold and other ornaments.

In one of the chambers, archaeologists found the sarcophagus of sandstone, painted red.

Perhaps this artifact associated with spells from the Book of the Dead, calling the heart of the deceased does not lie. Ancient Egyptians believed that after death, the trial of Osiris their hearts were weighed in the balance, the second bowl which lay the feather of Maat. If the heart balanced the feather or weighed less deceased received eternal life, but if the heart weighed more, his soul was dying.

Analysis of the bones found in the burial of the team showed that the tomb was buried significantly more women than men. The question arises whether there was Horemheb and Ramses several wives at the same time? However Kaheyl argues that, even though polygamy was common practice among the pharaohs, it is unlikely to spread among nemonarhov.

Most likely, the reason is different: the tomb was used for the burial of several generations of one family and contains the remains of daughters, mothers and other female relatives. It is probable that the tomb was re-used without permission at a later date.

This mystery, scientists plan to unravel later using radiocarbon dating, which will determine the age of the bones. But then still remains an open question, who are these people?

Add that in February 2014, the same group of scientists report the discovery at Abydos tomb of the unknown pharaoh.

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