93 ago opened all the rooms of the hermitage. What is not a reason to visit the famous museum? To inspect more than three million exhibits need at least eight years. We offer tour-sighting familiarity with the major mysteries of the hermitage…
In 1777, prince grigory potemkin decided to once again surprise the empress catherine. He chose to work english mechanic james cox. Why it is unknown. Maybe russian count saw amazing things in promotional catalogs, which published the master. However, it is unclear whether cox personally fulfilled an order for russian prince or helped him fried rich Urey.
Gift had to disassemble – otherwise it was just not deliver to russia. Disassemble something apart, but were unable to collect – some details turned either broken, or lost. And would pylilsya spectacular gift, if in 1791 potemkin not instructed to revive the birds’ ivan kulibin. And the master of the highest class has done the impossible: clock went and intricate mechanism was moved. Once the clock starts ringing, alive owl in a cage.
Under bells cell begins to rotate. Then wakes up peacock: his tail rises, begins to blossom, bird bows, draws and throws back his head, opens its beak. At that moment, when the tail is fully revealed, the peacock is rotated 180 degrees so that the audience sees it … Ass. Feathers then lowered, and peacock occupies its original position.
Learn about the real reasons for the impartial conduct peacock is impossible today. According to one version kulibin failed to ensure that the bird makes a full rotation. Another legend claims that the master deliberately made to perform like a bird fuete, thereby demonstrating its attitude to the royal court, for which the bird and was intended.
Tomb of homer
In the hall you can find Jupiter and another unsolved riddle hermitage – “homer’s tomb.” she was taken out either with the island of andros, whether from the island of chios in the first archipelago expedition of count orlov-chesmensky.
The first owner of the tomb was extraordinary cases zavoditel count alexander stroganov, who wrote: “in the first turkish war in 1770 russian demesne officer, who commanded our landing on one of the islands, brought this sarcophagus in russia and gave it to me. At the sight of this monument, i could not help but exclaim: “is it not a monument to homer?” phrase began to pass from mouth to mouth, just like without interrogative intonation.
Soon, the credibility of stroganoff as a collector has grown incredibly. Still, after he had a subject, for which more than one century chasing adventurers from around the world. However, “the tomb of homer” – another beautiful legend, like atlantis or the gold of troy.
Having studied the reliefs, scientists confidently stated that ancient tomb was created in the ii century ad, and it means that the person who owned the sarcophagus, missed with a homer for nine years. But it remains an unsolved mystery tomb other: completely different style rear and side walls of the sarcophagus. How, where and when these walls connected – is unclear.
In the Egyptian hall you can find one of the oldest Egyptian monuments on the territory of russia – the statue of the goddess of war and retribution, angry mut-sekhmet.
According to the myth, the bloodthirsty goddess decided to destroy the human race. The gods decided to save people they poured before the goddess dyed red beer that mut-sekhmet adopted for human blood. Drank – and calmed down.
However, hermitage legend says that a risk for people still persists. Ostensibly, annually on the full moon on the lap of the goddess appears reddish puddle.
According to another version – the legs are covered goddess strange reddish bloom wet whenever russia look forward to further trouble, trouble, disaster. Last raid, allegedly, was discovered in 1991. Whether there is at least some truth to the legend? And how can you explain the strange bloody raid? Answers to these questions are not found yet.
Mystery of the golden mask
The hermitage collection is stored only three posthumous mask of antique gold. One of them – a mask from the tomb reskuporid.
In 1837, archaeologists discovered near kerch mound found inside a stone sarcophagus with a female skeleton which allegedly belonged to none other than the queen, the whole body is strewn with plaques of gold on his head – a gold wreath, face hidden gold mask. Around the sarcophagus was found a large number of valuable items, including silver plate embossed with the name of king reskuporid, ruler Bosporus.
Scientists have suggested that the sarcophagus was buried in his wife, but later began to doubt. Until now, the hypothesis that the golden mask hiding the face of the Bosporus queen has not been confirmed nor disproved.
Aura of mystery surrounded the so-called wax figure of peter, over which bother domestic and European masters after the death of the emperor. Many visitors have argued that with my own eyes have seen wax peter rose up, bowed, and then pointed to the door, apparently alluding to the fact that the guests’ time and the privilege to know. “
In xx century, during the restoration were found inside the shape hinges that allow putting in a chair and putting the figure of peter. However, there is no mechanism that would allow the king to move independently, were found. Someone evidence unconvincing, someone – did not want to lose another beautiful legend.
Whatever it was, but today is a lot of those who argue that a “familiar caretaker” was in a room at the very moment when the figure of the revived.
In the Siberian collection of peter i can find feodosiyske earrings made in the ancient technique of granulation. Their main decoration is a microscopic multi-figure composition, illustrating the Athenian race. The smallest grains, which are dotted with one part of the decorations, can be seen only with a magnifying glass.
At high magnification revealed tiny grains, which are connected by four and lined up in rows – is this finish and gave feodosia earrings worldwide fame. The world’s best jewelers tried to create a copy of theodosia jewelry, but the task proved impossible. No soldering method nor the composition of the solder that was used by ancient masters, could not figure out.
Icon of time godless
One of the most controversial masterpieces – Black Square by malevich in 1932 – can also be found in the hermitage. The author interpreted the idea as boundlessness, summarized in a single sign, calling black square icon of the new, godless time.
Disputes about the ideological content of fabric being a long time, but since then, as the painting was exhibited at the hermitage, again and again draws attention to its destructive power: some visitors beside her lose consciousness, while others are coming into a frenzied excitement.