One of the seven wonders of the world, Hanging Gardens of Babylon by no means settled in Babylon, as ancient historians wrote. The true birthplace of the garden city is located 400 kilometers north of the previously unspecified place, and his real age at least a hundred years more.
So says Stephanie Dalley, an archaeologist from Oxford, who spent nearly two decades of life on quest for the legendary miracle of light.
History of the hanging gardens full of errors and inaccuracies. In fact, according to the standard version, the gardens have no relation to the mythical queen Semiramis, the living prototype of which was called Shammuramat
Surviving written sources suggest that the wonder gardens were built during the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II in honor of his new wife Amitis. Hailing from Media, Amitis could not get used to life in a dusty Babylon Nebuchadnezzar II, wishing to make life easier for spouses, commanded to build structure, where the queen could feel comfortable all year round.
For watering gardens require huge amounts of water – more than 37 000 liters daily. It is believed that in order to maintain the life of plants, located on several levels, the irrigation system was devised with tricky mechanisms. It is possible that such a device as the Archimedes screw was not invented by the legendary Greek in the middle of the II century, but much earlier in the territory of Mesopotamia.
Wrote ancient historian Diodorus of Sicily, wonder gardens had incredible dimensions. The building was more than 1,300 meters in length and approximately the same width, height of construction reached 250 meters. Wonder of the World has been preserved to the present day: it was destroyed, perhaps, a man, and perhaps elements.
Centuries later, archaeologists will try to find the territory of Mesopotamia at least ruins, but the search came to nothing lead. It is this fact, together with the complete absence of any mention of the wonderful gardens in written sources of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar II, made Dr. Dalley begin independent research.
Years of searching and deciphering cuneiform texts were not in vain. Due to artifacts stored in the vaults of the British Museum, Stephanie Dalley found mention of building beautiful palace not far from the capital of the Assyrian – Nineveh. The text, which was written in the same language that was used in ancient Babylon, it was stated that the palace with a garden was a miracle for all people.
Scientists believe that the gardens were actually erected in the VIII century BC during the reign of the Assyrian king Sennacherib. The sources of those times Nineveh is also mentioned under the name of Ancient Babylon, which subsequently could lead to misconceptions about the location of the miracle of light.
Laborious search, including a comparison of records and ancient reliefs from Nineveh, have revealed the alleged location of the hanging gardens. As a candidate for this role, Stephanie Dalley offers massive mound not far from Mosul, in northern Iraq, where once was located and the city of Nineveh.
According to Dr. Dalley, excavations in the mound can finally confirm the existence of the Hanging Gardens.