Secrets of the Sumerian civilization

Ancient Sumerian The century and the millennium. Europeans considered rare in a desert land only strange hills lit merciless sun. But, apparently, it is time to learn about completely forgotten past.

In 1869, a French archaeologist Jules Oppert found cuneiform inscriptions of the ancient kingdom, the ruler of which – Sargon – called himself the king of Sumer and Akkad, and offered to call the people of the Sumerians, who owned Mesopotamia, land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, long before the rise of Assyria and Babylon.
At the time no one knew the word “Sumer.” Its existence has long been forgotten. Referred to in the Bible land of Shinar remained unexplained. And in the land rested no one knows the masterpieces of ancient worship and admiration of the people and the objects of their everyday life.
Lucky for archaeologists was the fourth expedition to excavate one of the oldest cities of Sumer – Nippur
– In 1889, which was led by Professor University of Pennsylvania (USA) H. Hilpreht. Studying stage
Ziggurat (temple tower), he found a library with more than 20,000 cuneiform tablets. This mass
documents was a revelation to those who study them. Explore them all at once to the extent possible. However, even the translation of some of them gave an unprecedented set of monuments Sumerian literature, religious writings and commercial documents.

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