The ancient buildings of Moscow, it turns out that it is greatly in their design can be interpret as signs of clandestine societies such as the Freemasons. Architectural expert Elena Podshivalova book provides an overview of the five buildings of the capital with such signs.
Freemasonry has always been closely connected with structural design. It is no coincidence small house members to call God the great architect or architect of the universe and of the main characters are a pair of compasses, trowel and plumb. By itself, the process of construction of the building could refer to the creation of a new and better society. In many ways, therefore, secret societies open to the world a philosophy mainly through architecture.
Temple of Our Lady “Joy of All Who Sorrow”
This Masonic church in contrast to America in Russia has never been. At the same time, the construction of Orthodox churches Masonic architect often leave messages “for its”. Mother of God Church was built by two architects, members of the lodge – Bazhenov and Beauvais. Among the decorative elements, which can be interpreted as a mason – a portico with two columns, refer to the columns of the Temple of Jerusalem – Boaz Yakin and. In addition, the church iconoclastic is very unusual – just one row of icons above which hangs a canopy, indicating the Masons place for the presidency lodge.
Count Sheremetev was built by Giacomo Quarenghi project and opened in 1810. It was built not only as a charitable institution, but also as a memorial to the deceased wife of Count – former serf Praskovia Zhemchugova.
The front of the building is one of the most important Masonic symbols – radiant delta, a triangle within which the sign is placed the all-seeing eye. The eye symbolizes the constant attention of the Creator, the rays emanating from the delta – a sign of the eternal radiance of wisdom.
The last building built by Bazhenov, has an unusual layout, reminiscent of a cornucopia, an important Masonic symbol. At this point in the meetings and perform the ritual of the lodge. The house is also known for it other Mason – Publisher Novikov – arranged the public reading room, open to all people regardless of their origin. Now here is the Russian Academy of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture.
Built in the XVII century, the church was rebuilt Mason Gabriel Izmailov in 1773 and was used for meetings of a nearby Masonic Pedagogical Seminary. However, in 1852, by order of the Metropolitan Filaret of numerous characters lodges on the church were shot down. In memory remains a figure holding empty scrolls above the southern entrance – apparently with them erase unwanted label instead destroy entirely.
Necropolis of Donskoy Monastery
In contrast to the residential areas of Moscow spread Masonic symbolism in the cemetery, of course, no one monitored. While the city has changed and rebuilt, the old Don Cemetery retains its old look, which are an integral part of the Masonic grave. Members of the lodge can be found by headstones in a tree stump or pictures radiant delta on the graves.
The history of the issue
Masonry or Freemasonry emerged in the XVIII century in England as a social movement that aims to charity and moral perfection. However, the activities of Freemasons has acquired a lot of rumors because of its clandestine nature, as well as an abundance of ceremonies and special symbols.
In Masonic lodges were a lot of well-known figures of the Russian science and art, for example, historian Nikolai Karamzin and Peter Tatishchev educator Nikolai Novikov, poet Alexander Pushkin, statesman and reformer Mikhail Speranski, philosopher and journalist Peter Chaadaev