Group of archaeologists discovered the ruins of a great city of the Scythian area of about 10 hectares. In ancient sources is no information about the ancient town not. Most of the remains – fragments of pottery
Fragments of masonry on rock Ak-Kai archaeologists discovered in 2001, but did not attach any special meaning, because in the Crimea, where no dig – ancient buildings. Local historians on their own initiative conducted surface exploration and found out – this place was a Scythian city of 10 acres – quite a large settlement.
“Up to this time we have not seen many ancient Scythian fortified city. Of course, there are older monuments in mainland Ukraine, but this is a completely different culture. There are a lot of things there, but the most interesting – is semistrochnaya Greek inscription on amphora, it has no analogues. That year it was trying to read a variety of specialists, but without success, “- says the candidate of historical sciences, senior researcher of the Institute of Archaeology of the Crimean branch of the NAS of Ukraine Yury Zaitsev.
On the excavation of 6 people, Yury Zaitsev team picked itself. Most of the remains in the settlement – pottery fragments. Chopped amphora in which to store wine, found among the rocks, it is thoroughly cleaned. Scientists have identified Scythians used the city as a fortress in case of enemy attack, and the settlements were located nearby. From a tactical point of view – a place well chosen, near the river flowed, and view all the steppe.
In the ancient town at the foot of the White Cliffs archaeologists discovered three cultural layers. Before the II century, it hosted the Scythians in the VIII century, the city was part of the Khazar Khaganate, and in the Middle Ages came the Genoese, who built their fortress on the commanding heights of the Crimea.
Archaeologists do not know what the name of Scythian metropolis – about it there is no evidence in ancient sources. In the steppe Crimea Greeks came, nomads themselves came to Greek settlements and buying goods from all over the Mediterranean. Today the situation has changed, now people are going to Europe to visit the capital of the Scythians.
“We have heard that there are excavated, and wanted to see the city of the Scythians”, – says a tourist from Belgium, Jan Demol.
Scientists will carefully open almost 9 acres of dry soil to prevent damage to the cultural layer, where, presumably, could be interesting finds, as to date only some digging of the wall where there was a lookout. According to preliminary calculations, the cleaning of the entire city could take decades, maybe more, because the ancient Chersonese archaeologists dug nearly 200 years.