The capital of Cleopatra to make a decision the fate of the queen and her kingdom. With his cunning Cleopatra devise a plan. Hiding in a carpet walked into the room of Caesar. In front of him and using all her charms captivated the Roman conqueror. No help of any soldier, she managed to preserve his throne by defeating one of the most powerful generals of the time.
During the next twenty years Cleopatra proves his sagacity, intelligence and ambition that would lead to the summit of power.
Queen Cleopatra was the greatest of Egypt, was highly educated, spoke several languages and even said to have been celibate half of his adult life; the Romans saw it as the most dangerous seductive Mediterranean.
There are contradictions between what is known about the real Cleopatra and the sultry seductress of legend. While the Egyptian writers extolled as the goddess Isis, the Romans blamed for the collapse of the two most powerful leaders of Rome.
Cleopatra’s love relationships caused a sensation at the time and perpetuated his image. Love was his means to the power. It was one of the most astute lovers of antiquity; however, his relations with Caesar and Mark Antony were the means to achieve goals that went beyond his ambitions.
Cleopatra VII was born in the year 60 BC and was the last queen of Egypt. With his reign ended one of the most important civilizations of the ancient world. In the third millennium BC, when Western Europe was in the Stone Age, Egypt flourished. The desert borders away the invaders and the annual floods of the Nile provided fertile farmland. The Egyptians developed a unique island culture in a vacuum of serenity.
They spent much of the present into the future, built monumental tombs for their dead, but, inevitably, came the invaders. In 322 BC Alexander the Great claimed Egypt for Greek Empire. In its short life, the young general conquered much of the known world. When he died the remains of Egypt fell into the hands of his lieutenant, who crowned himself King Ptolemy, I and established his capital in the newly founded city of Alexandria on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt. Two and a half centuries after Cleopatra VII was born in Alexandria of Ptolemy XII the third of six children of Ptolemy I.
Cleopatra studied the sciences, literature, philosophy, poetry and Greek music. He mastered the art of social grace and beauty. He also studied the ancient religion of his people and was the first of the Ptolemy’s to learn Egyptian, one of nine languages he spoke.
Like the earlier Ptolemaic Pharaohs Egypt considered their exclusive property, government, stiff and efficient, had a purpose: to enrich the monarchy.
Eleven years before Cleopatra’s birth his father, known as the flutist Auletes, assumed the throne of threatened areas. For decades the Romans had deposed the former Alexander’s Greek kingdoms in order to annex Egypt.
His riches and grain crops were not a potential supplier for the entire empire. However, the Roman Republic had reached a sorry state of internal corruption. Its military leaders openly fought to become the leaders of the Roman government unstable. The Roman Senate did not trust the capacity of general control the wealth of Egypt. Cleopatra’s father was allowed to continue on the throne and so she grew up under the threat of invasion of Rome and watched his father fight for his kingdom.
In his effort to remain on the throne of Egypt, won the confidence Auletes new consul of Rome: Julius Caesar, a brilliant and ambitious politician of 40 years.
Along with General Pompey the Great and Marcus Crassus, Caesar formed the First Triumvirate, the three actually ruled the Roman world.
Although Caesar had great political power now, he knew that the real strength was in the hands of military leaders. As a result began planning his first military campaign in Gaul, now France. But to succeed Caesar needed money. Auletes lent large amounts of money, Caesar declared Egypt changed, at least for the moment, an ally of Rome. Cleopatra was 10 when his father closed the deal with Caesar. Over the next decade, with the help of the great gifts of his father, Caesar’s army sweeps everything in Gaul. It was a spectacular achievement that secured its future in Rome.
Cleopatra was captivated by the stories of the mighty Caesar, said she was attractive and refined manners. It was rumored that he liked men and women, a writer of the time they wrote: “Caesar, the man for women and woman for every man.”
Cleopatra’s father, Auletes, was forced to leave the country after the rebellion of the Egyptian subjects against tax increases. Again, sought help from Rome to repay the bribe money to Caesar. This time a young officer, Marco Antonio, led the Roman Calvary helped restore the Egyptian throne of the father of Cleopatra. But, again accept the help of Rome, Egypt was placed under the protection of the Empire. The takeover was inevitable.
Cleopatra was now, in the year 55 BC, at age twelve, the eldest daughter of Auletes. Respect for her father did his faithful favorite. While his father was preparing to assume power, instilled in her his desire to protect what remained of the kingdom Ptolemy. Cleopatra could learn from his father that the courage, cunning and cruelty were the key to the survival of the monarchy. He soon realized that the cause of the nightmares of his family members was Rome.