The archetypes of the sword and the cup I would destroy a prejudice that permeates our knowledge and imposition of thought is to say that man throughout history has always saw himself and his environment in the same way.
The rationalist might object that the sense organs have always been the same, so that perception and how to position itself as the world has always been, broadly the same.
Unfortunately it did not took into consideration the fact that perception is based on conscience and that it therefore depends on the latter.
Anthropological studies confirm that consciousness is changing very often with the thinking, and it depends substantially on education which it takes its teaching (external data acquired), supported by many historians and scientists like Aldous Huxley, the Father Hugo and Albert Hoffman.
This is a topic that deserves scientific studies and anthropological much deeper and leads to the mystery of our being (consciousness).
Returning to the sword and the cup, I chose them because they are two symbols that represent two different positions of thought and consciousness that had a wide circulation, and therefore who had undoubtedly great potential for symbolic meaning in the collective insignificant.
The cup is the symbol of the vulva, the legacy of the Great Mother cult-worshiped since the Paleolithic Universe and represents a state of consciousness where man returns to the symbiosis with the cosmos, a religiosity that is always present in Taoism .
The sword is against the symbol of strength, virility, a symbol that Urania with his blade divides the “good” “evil”, the symbol of conscience turned to the domination of the environment towards the assertion of despotic I kind of religiosity monotheistic religion.
The cut is represented in many ancient myths, the cauldron of Dagda as the Celts, the Cornucopia in Greek, the Holy Grail among early Christians, then it will also be the vial of alchemist and the cauldron of witches .
Even the Buddhist Mandala of which contains the whole and would become the rose window of Gothic cathedrals may be reappointed to the same semantic field, as can also be among the Taoist lotus flower worn by the goddess Kuan-Yin, which contains the nectar of immortality, or with the Indians Samudra, which keeps the blood vessel of Agni.
The sword will assume great importance from the Middle Ages when swords will be a name and a symbol of justice and power (power of consciousness on the environment).
The sword is grabbed by Vishnu with her during the Apocalypse will base the new era Hindu Dharma, we find also in the hands of Germanic Tyr, Bodhisattva, the Islamic Khatib and of angels, cherubim, and Christ himself, remonstrating and its value as a sign of light, knowledge as power.
These same symbols we find them in maps with sticks and coins that with the spear of Lugh and the stone of destiny are among the objects entrusted to man by Tathua de Danaan.
But what did they mean exactly?
Being a sex symbol two causes they represent two ways to ask about the environment and they are both opposite and complementary to a male dominated by the right hemisphere of the brain, so rational and ask about the survival instinct, the other female and dominated by the left hemisphere and therefore intuitive instinct led to cancellation (time in union with the universe).
The Alchemist and the Witch, telluric custodians of knowledge, sought to accomplish in pots and bottles the same mutations that occur in the universe, to simulate nature to identify with them again, to return to the Great Mother .
Instead, the Knight and the magician sought in the sword of truth and justice, the power that leads to self-improvement and perfection and sacrifice for the identification between the Absolute and personal identity.
At this point we can ask what level of consciousness are the two archetypes.
The answer we seek first in the knowledge that we have and the type of consciousness “the cut” is matriarchal societies who worship the Goddess and remain rooted in the culture for a long time but who remained in the aware that some mystical opposite that of “the sword” is a rational consciousness that divides right from wrong, who aspires to dominate the material that is not antagonistic but mother of consciousness, it takes exile with the edge of reason and submit to his own will or that of a god made in our image, a projection of desire for the omnipotence of the self.
These two symbols continue to fascinate the crowds, because they are part of our collective unconscious, were two doors to two levels of consciousness and way of thinking differences are still being sought as a form of enlightenment and salvation from of all humanity: one (the cup) connects us to the earth and makes us participate in the universe and tell us with respect and in communion with the environment and Mother Earth true salvation, the another (the sword) teaches us to dominate the self-destructive instincts and drives us to self-improvement.
Faced with these two powerful symbols that represent two opposite polarities of our consciousness and our being, like yin and yang, our duty is to find a balance, source of well-being and happiness in a society clearly unbalanced the masculine and belonging to the sword