Holy Island-located off the coast of Northumberland in the north-east of England, is connected to the mainland by a dam, which rises above the water at low tide.
Once on the island was Anglo-Saxon settlement. The first inhabitant of the island, whose name we know, was Saint Aidan, but people lived here before him. Beginning in 8000 BC. Oe. the island was inhabited by people srednekamennoy age (Mesolithic), as well as 3000 BC. Oe. – Neolithic inhabitants. At the time of Roman rule in the island, was probably a settlement Britons.
Sent into exile kids Etelfrita, Anglo-Saxon king of Northumbria, who died in battle went to the island of Iona off the coast of Scotland to get the education of the Christian monks. Among them was Prince Oswald, and the result of his stay at Jonah was an appeal to them to Christianity, most of the population of England. When Oswald began to fight for the return of the kingdom of his father, he did it, making the sign of a wooden cross. After becoming king, Oswald asked the monks of Iona to send him a preacher, to draw his subjects to Christianity, and in 635 they sent Aidan. He was offered a choice of any edge, where he would like to establish a monastery, and Aidan chose Lindisfarne (Holy Island English name).
Aidan founded a monastery, built a small church, there were a number of huts for housing and farm buildings. From there, the monks journeyed talked with people who were preaching, trying to interest them in their faith. The method of communication was developed by Aidan. The monastery on the island had been exclusively male. This is explained by the fact that wander in and join the conversation with strangers was improper and unsafe for women. After spending sixteen years a bishop, Aidan died in the nearby Bamburgh in 651 AD. Oe.
Another significant figure in the Lindisfarne St Cuthbert was. From 664 to 676 Cuthbert was the abbot of the monastery of Lindisfarne. In 685, he was ordained bishop of Lindisfarne. Once, when a youth, he herded sheep on the hills. It was night, and he saw a mysterious beam of light falling on top of the ground, and then coming back up, as he thought Cuthbert, along with the human soul, which is carried up into heaven. It was 31 August 651, in the night when St. Aidan died. Cuthbert believed that the soul of the saint makes his mysterious and glorious ascension into heaven, and it was a turning point in his life. He went to the monastery at Melrose, who also founded Aidan, and asked that it was a novice. Thirteen years he studied at the monastery. He helped to found a new monastery at Ripon, he returned to Melrose to become a pastor, and then transferred to an abbot at Lindisfarne.
Cuthbert was a zealous preacher, and developed a mysterious gift of spiritual healing, for which people came to him even when he retired to a solitary cell. There’s a community of monks of Lindisfarne, he died 20 March 687 and was buried on the island. Mysterious healing miracles were witnessed by those who visited his grave, and the monks of Lindisfarne are considered a sign that Cuthbert became a saint in heaven. They asked for protection and blessing of his relics, and for this purpose, eleven years later, his body was taken out from the grave on the anniversary of his death. When the coffin was opened, those present saw that the body has not decayed – yet another sign of holiness. This marked the beginning of the cult of St Cuthbert and more frequent pilgrimages to the island.
In 793 AD. Oe. the monastery was destroyed by the Vikings. The monks took out everything they could. In 1081 the monastery was rebuilt by the Normans.
After the Norman Conquest Benedictine monks decided to build a church in Durham, to put back the relics of St. Cuthbert, who for the time being have been hidden from the eyes of the conquerors in the new cancer. And this time on the body of the saint had no signs of decomposition. Throughout the Middle Ages, pilgrims have visited this mystical place. In the era of the Reformation, when the monastery was dissolved, the remains of St. Cuthbert was buried in a common grave at the main altar. Go to his grave still attracts the faithful.