The river slowly carrying its waters to the sea on the banks of the river stood the temples and temple workers in the linen skirts treated field, in the courtyard of the temple sat on his haunches and skinheads scribes were reporting. Just as in Sumeria, ruled by the king-god, collecting tens of thousands of workers in the construction of dams and built like a pyramid.
This country was called Kemet, Egypt, and the great river – Hapi, the Nile. Each year in early June, the river overflowed, and, rising to ten meters, flooded the valley. Above the water were just standing on the hills, villages and temples, connected by narrow strips of dams. In November, the water subsided, leaving behind a black layer of fertile silt, because of which the country was called Kemet – “Black Land”. In December, the workers went out on the field units, loose black earth with hoes and sowed wheat. In March, sickles with flint teeth cut the ears and attributed the sheaves into the temple courtyard.
Once upon a time, Egypt was divided into the temple of the city-state, “nomes.” Different cities worshiped different gods: the sun-Pa, the sky-Nut, the bull Apis, the crocodile Sebek. Fertility gods were Isis and Osiris, according to legend, Osiris was murdered by an evil god Seth desert and then resurrected by his wife and sister – Isis. When the first pharaoh, Mina, united country, he declared himself a god Horus, the son of Osiris. Mina depicted with a hoe in his hand: that the king has mobilized thousands of peasants and walled dams downstream of the Nile. The former swamps have become fruit-bearing fields, and suffered from hunger the poor were provided with bread, a grateful people worshiped Pharaoh as a god. Heirs of Mines and called themselves gods, and built a life for the funeral temples and these temples gradually increased in size and, eventually, turned into a huge pyramid towering over the valley. The Pyramid of Cheops, one of the wonders of the world, had a height of 150 meters for its construction workers have been mobilized teams from across the country, a hundred thousand workers, to be replaced every three months, the pyramid was erected 30 years. The son of Cheops, Chephren, and built another giant pyramid next to the pyramid of his father, was lying at its foot Sphinx – a huge stone lion with the face of the pharaoh. Around the great pyramids extended city of the dead: the streets of this city were the tombs of the nobles, had preserved their mummies – as Pharaoh and his servants were hoping for a life after death. They hoped to revive, like Osiris, and their bodies were to be ready for this resurrection – so of them made imperishable mummy.
The great building brought people to the point of exhaustion and pharaohs were forced to reduce the size of their tombs. Imperial power gradually weakened, the rulers of the areas Nomarh turned into semi-independent princes, and they created their own funerary temple with hundreds of priests and workers. Nobody thought about building new dams and the bread for the poor – and, meanwhile, the population is growing. After all, the famine led to the uprising. “The king seized the poor people – the priest wrote Ipuver. – Children are notable break the walls … The Mummy Tomb of discarded … Commoners were the owners of jewelry … Every town says: “Yes, we’ll beat the wealthy among us …” Moore across the country. Blood everywhere. ”
The ancient kingdom of the pharaohs died in the fire of rebellion, and the country was divided into nomes. War, famine and pestilence destroyed most of the population, for the revival of towns and villages took many decades to come. Two hundred years later, when the city again became crowded, the Pharaoh Mentuhotep I unified the country and restored the ancient empire. Were built new irrigation system and new churches, kings of the newly endowed land to the peasants, and built the pyramids. This time, went down in history as the era of the Middle Kingdom, it coincided with the time when the revival of Mesopotamia Hammurabi. Just as in Mesopotamia, in Egypt at this time was no longer working groups, who worked the land of temples was treated on individual allotments, “the king’s men.” “Royal people” receive remuneration from the church, seed corn, tools, and then handed over to the temple granaries entire crop. From time to time, the population of the village lined up in rows and subjected to “see”, the scribes and priests walked along the rows and check who is running, the youth were distributed on the “occupation”, who – as a soldier, who – in the artisans, who – in the farmers. Just as the Empire of Mesopotamia, the Egyptian Empire was a socialist state, where all life was on the instructions of the scribes. No one knows since when there was this order and how long it existed – when there was a script, everything was the way opened. This went on for centuries, farmers have plowed the fields, and the scribes were sitting in the courtyard of the temple, writing reports on the sheets of marsh reeds, papyrus. It was not until the XVI century, when the crash occurred.
“And I do not know why God was unfavorable to us, – the priest Manetho wrote. Suddenly, from the eastern edges of an unknown tribe of people have made a daring trip to the country and easily, without a fight, took it by storm. And, beating its rulers, they ruthlessly burned the city and razed the temples of the gods, and treated with a population most hostile manner, killing one, at others withdrawing into slavery of children and women … And all of their tribes were called Hyksos, or “kings, shepherds.”