Dream are so rich and so embrace the true sense of what scientists have long believed that they serve a specific psychological objectives. For Freud, dreams were nothing more than a platform for deciphering the unconscious, while for Jung dreams were stages when the archetypes of the psyche played the main problem. The new theory suggests that dreams help the brain to consolidate emotional memories or to work with current problems such as divorce or disappointment in the labor force. But what if the main purpose of dreams is actually not at all shade is psychological? In an article published last month in the journal Nature Reviews Neuroscience, Dr. Allan Hobson (Allan Hobson), a psychologist and sleep researcher at Harvard University, argues that the main purpose of REM sleep (during this period we see the majority of dreams) is purely physiological. The brain is “hot” their cycles, anticipating the sounds and emotions of waking up. “This helps to explain many things, for example, why many people forget dreams shortly after waking up, “- says Hobson.
“It’s like jogging, the body does not remember every step, but it knows that playing sports. It is configured. The same thing happens with dreams: they set up the brain to work in the real world.” Based on his work, as well as research by other scientists, Hobson believes that dreams – is a parallel state of consciousness that is constantly running, but is normally suppressed during waking hours. The idea is very clear example of how changing assumptions about the neurology of day and night functions of the brain. “Most people who study dreams, begin their studies with a set of psychological ideas and try to” fit “of the information found on this idea,” – says Dr. Mark Mahowald (Mark Mahowald), a neurologist who is director of the sleep disorders program at the medical Center in Minneapolis. “I like the new study that scientists do not talk about any assumptions about the function of dreams.” However, the document has already caused controversy and heated debate among Freudians, therapists and other researchers, including neurologists, a neurologist and physiologist at New York University, speaks about the impressive findings of Hobson, however, noted that not all is reduced to the physiological side of the issue. “I believe that dreams are not parallel to the state, is unconscious. As soon as one wakes up, his brain reconstructs visual dream images and relates them to the fact that he actually sees, hears and feels it is Dreams” corrected “bodies feelings. ” These new ideas are often based on key findings about the stage of REM sleep. From an evolutionary point of view of the stage of REM sleep – this is the last stage of development that can be found in the human body, as well as other warm-blooded mammals and birds. Moreover, studies show that the stage of REM sleep appears at the person in the third trimester of pregnancy.
The experiments also revealed that during the REM stage of neural connections are created, especially in the areas of the brain responsible for visual images. The developing fetus can “see” something, in terms of brain activity long before it opened his eyes, because the developing brain operates on the basis of innate and biological models of space and time. Complete sleep cycles in the usual sense of the word come to a man much later. Their content, according to experts, is a kind of raw dough that can bring the day.
This does not mean that dreams are meaningless. Anyone who remembers the vivid dream, he knows that sometimes strange nocturnal visions reflect the real hopes and anxieties: the young teacher sees herself naked in front of an audience, the newly formed mother sees the empty bed, and suffering terribly from his imaginary losses. But people can read in dreams, which they see everything they do. In a recent study of over 1,000 people, the experts at Carnegie Mellon University have found strong biases in the interpretation of dreams. For example, people often attach more importance to negative sleep, associated with a person who disliked him, and they have a more positive emotions, if there is one in a dream.studies show that in fact only about 20 per cent of dreams contain people and places with which people experienced in real life. Most images are unique to one particular dream. Scientists know this because some people have the ability to see their dreams as observers, and they do not wake up. This state of consciousness called lucid dreaming, which is in itself a great mystery. But this is a real phenomenon, using which Dr. Hobson finds support their arguments, talking about what dreams – a physiological brain workout before awakening.