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What is death?

12 Feb

A member of the Royal Geographical Society, Sir William Barrett issued a printed work on the visions of the dying. According to information gathered by it the general public to learn that before his death, people are watching other worlds, listen to music and often see dead relatives.But only in the early 70s of the twentieth century, an American professor of philosophy and psychology, MD, Raymond Moody has become one of the first medical professionals who took up the study a little-known phenomenon, which has been called their “near death experience.” According to the research scientist, published in 1975 book “Life After Life.” Immediately after the publication, it became a bestseller. Suffice it to say that before the end of 1999 had sold over three million copies of this publication. The above mentioned facts fundamentally change all preconceived notions about a person’s death.
The book analyzed 150 accidents feeling trapped in a state of clinical death, but then returned to life. We remind the reader that clinical death is reversible stage of dying, which occurs within minutes after cessation of circulatory and respiratory systems. Length of stay of man in this state at normal body temperature is typically less than 8 minutes in the cooling conditions may slightly lengthen. In carrying out resuscitation (Latin re – re + animatio – recovery) measures a person can be derived from a state of clinical death and returned to life.
Raymond Moody found that the near-death experiences people peace, out of body experiences, flying inside the “tunnel” approach to the light source, and more. Printed work gave impetus to further American followers in this direction.
Of course, scientists have tried to give a scientific explanation of the phenomenon. As it turned out, not only the dying experience a similar range of experiences. Similar visions are inherent, for example, drug addicts after taking LSD, people engaged in meditation, patients with epilepsy. They were not in the arms of death, but saw the tunnel and at the end of his light.
The famous American scholar, chairman of the International Association of Transpersonal Psychology, Stanislav Grof, MD, and John Halifax hypothesized: a flight departing from life through the tunnel – is not nothing but a “memory” about the first moments of birth. In other words, this movement the baby through the birth canal at birth. Bright light at the end – it is the light of the world, which gets a little man.
Another hypothesis suggested neuroscientist Jack Cowan. According to the researcher, the tunnel vision of a dying cause areas of the cerebral cortex responsible for processing visual information. The effect is dizzying flight through the pipe occurs when brain cells die from lack of oxygen. At this time, the so-called visual cortex of the brain waves of excitation occur. They are concentric circles and are seen as a man flying through the tunnel. At the end of the 90s researchers from Bristol University was modeled on a computer visual process of dying brain cells. It was found that at this moment in the human mind every time a picture of a moving tunnel. So, Susan Blackmore and Tom Prosyanko confirmed the rightness of the hypothesis D. Cowan. There is also a theory that “posthumous” vision caused by fear of impending death, or the influence of drugs administered to the patient. And yet, in spite of the persistent attempts of scientists to understand the phenomenon, a number of phenomena has no answer. Indeed, as, for example, explain that the person is unconscious, is able to see what is happening around him? According to the number of intensive care physicians are often patients who have returned from the “other world”, told in detail what actions are producing doctors with their lifeless bodies, and even that was the place to be at this time in neighboring wards. How do you explain the incredible vision? Answer by science could not provide.
Post-mortem consciousness – not fiction
And finally sensation. In early 2001, was published study conducted by Peter Fenwick of London Institute of Psychiatry and Sam Parin Central Hospital Southampton. Scientists have been obtained compelling evidence that human consciousness is not dependent on the activity of the brain and continues to live when all the processes in the brain has ceased. The scientific work of experimentalists have studied the medical history and personally interviewed 63 cardiac patients who survived clinical death.
It was found that 56 had returned from the dead do not remember anything. They lost consciousness and came to life in a hospital bed. However, seven remained distinct memories of what they experienced during the period of clinical death. The four claim that they possessed a sense of peace and joy, time ran faster, feeling his body has disappeared, the mood was upbeat, even sublime. Then came a bright light, indicating a transition to another world. A little later there were mythical creatures like angels or saints. All respondents were for a time in a different world, and then came back to reality.
It should be noted that these patients were not pious. For example, the three admitted that they do not attend church. Thus, to explain these stories religious fanaticism does not work.
But the sensational trials in the British scientists have been quite different. Carefully studying the medical records lively, doctors verdict – the traditional view of the termination of the brain due to oxygen deficiency is erroneous. No one has visited in the state of clinical death, there have been no significant reduction of life-giving gas in the tissues of the central nervous system.
Rejected was another hypothesis – if the vision can be caused by irrational combination drugs used in resuscitation. Everything was done strictly according to the standard.
Sam Parin claims that proceeded to research, being a skeptic, but now am one hundred percent, “there is something there.” “Our patients have experienced their amazing state at a time when the brain is no longer able to function, and therefore was not able to play any of the memories.” According to the researcher, human consciousness is not a function of the brain. And if so, says Peter Fenwick, “consciousness may well continue to exist after the physical death of the body.”
When we examine the brain, – writes Sam Parin – that is clearly visible: the cells of gray matter in their structure, in principle, no different from other cells. They also produce proteins and other chemicals, but they can not produce subjective thoughts and images which we define as human consciousness. In the end, our brains need us just as a receiver-transmitter. He works as a sort of “live TV”, first sees the waves that come into it, and then convert them to images and sounds that make up a holistic picture. ”
Later, in December 2001, three Dutch researchers from the hospital Riyensteyt led by Pim van Lommel spent most extensive study to date of survivors of clinical death. Results were published in his article “The experience of surviving Okolosmertelny” after cardiac arrest: a targeted study of specially formed groups in the Netherlands “in the British medical journal” The Lancet “. Dutch scientists have come to conclusions similar to the findings of their British colleagues from Southampton.
Based on statistical data collected over a decade, scientists have established that the vision is not visited by every person who has survived clinical death. Only 62 people (18%) of 344, 509 underwent intensive care, kept clear memories of what they experienced during the time between death and “resurrection.”
During the period of clinical death, more than half surveyed have experienced positive emotions. Awareness of the fact of his own death was noted in 50% of cases. In 32% of so-called “near-death experience” meeting took place with the dead people. On the flight through the tunnel told me one third of dying. Pictures of an alien landscape seen almost as many respondents. The phenomena of out of body experience (when a person sees himself on the side) experienced a 24% returned to life. Brilliant flash of light was fixed the same number of respondents. In 13% of people saw rushing succession of pictures of past life. They said that they had seen the border between the living and the dead, at least 10% of the people. No one visited the other world is not reported frightening or unpleasant sensations. Particularly impressive is that the visual experiences told congenitally blind people, they just repeated word for word narration sighted.
It is interesting to note that some time before an American researcher Dr. Ring made an attempt to clarify the contents of dying visions of the blind. He together with his colleague Sharon Cooper has recorded evidence of 18 people, blind from birth, who for some reason were in states that are close to death.
According to the respondents, the vision began dying for them the only way to understand what it means to see. One had been in a state of clinical death, Vicki Yumipeg experienced “out of body” in the hospital. Vicki looked at from above himself, lying on the operating table, and the team of doctors who conducted the intensive care unit. Since she first saw and understood what the light.
Blind from birth Marsha Martin, experienced a similar deathbed visions, remember most of all variety of colors in the world. Martin believes that near-death experience helped him understand how they see the world of sighted people.
But back to the study of Dutch scientists. They set a goal – to determine exactly when a person has visions during near-death or during the brain. Van Lammel and colleagues claim that they managed to do. The conclusion of researchers is that the vision was observed at the time “off” of the central nervous system. Thus, it was shown that consciousness exists independently of the brain.
Perhaps the most striking Van Lammel said case, which has recorded one of his colleagues. The patient, who is in a coma, was taken to hospital emergency rooms. Measures to revive were unsuccessful. Brain dead, encephalogram was a straight line. We decided to use intubation (the introduction of the larynx and trachea tube for artificial ventilation and airway patency). In the mouth of the victim was a dental prosthesis. The doctor took it and put it on the table. After half an hour the patient’s heart beat and blood pressure returned to normal. A week later, when the same employee of the patients carried the drugs, who returned from the dead, said to her: “You know where my dentures! You took out my teeth and stuck them in the drawer of a table on wheels! “During a thorough survey found that the victim saw myself lying on the top bunk. He described the ward and the doctors at the time of his death. The man was very afraid that doctors will stop the revival, and every effort would make it clear to them that he is alive His belief that consciousness can exist apart from the brain, Dutch researchers confirm the purity of the experiments. In order to exclude the possibility of so-called false memories (a situation where people, hearing stories from others about the postmortem visions, and suddenly “remembers” what he never had), religious fanaticism, and other similar cases, researchers have carefully studied all the factors that could affect reports on the victims.
All respondents were mentally healthy. These were men and women from 26 to 92 years of age with different levels of education, believing and not believing in God. Some people heard before about the “near-death experience”, others – no.
Dutch general conclusions are as follows: after-death visions people have for the period of suspension of the brain and can not be explained by lack of oxygen in the cells of the central nervous system, at a depth of “near-death experience” is greatly influenced by gender and age of the person. Women tend to have stronger feelings than men, the majority of patients who had the most profound experience of “death”, die within a month after resuscitation, postmortem visions of the blind from birth do not differ from the impressions of the sighted.
All this gives grounds to say that at the present time, scientists have come close to the scientific substantiation of the immortality of the soul.
What we need to do just a little bit to realize that death is just a transfer station on the border of two worlds, and to overcome the fear of the inevitable.
Heaven and hell
The question arises: where does the soul goes after death?
If you died, having lived the life of unrighteousness, then you fall into hell, and always will be on Earth during the worst of humanity. If your life was perfect, even in this case will be on Earth, but in the century, where there is no place for violence and cruelty.
So says a French therapist Michelle Lere, author of “Forever in a past life.” In this he was persuaded numerous interviews and hypnotic sessions with survivors of the state of clinical death. The researcher concludes that the dead go mainly in the last century.
“During the hypnosis sessions all my observations of 208 objects (with the exception of three), describing the departure from this life, point to past periods in history. They remembered how to go through a long tunnel where the light and peace. They were welcomed by familiar people, and then they again found themselves on the earth, though in earlier centuries. ”
First Lere thought that it receives information about the previous incarnation (the birth of another soul on the physical plane) surveyed. However, the accumulation of facts of the scientist came to the conclusion that the objects of his study – those who died and found himself in pleasant circumstances for themselves and those who find themselves in a terrible period of history.

 
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Posted by on February 12, 2012 in Human, Mysterious

 

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