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The source of materials for Stonehenge

22 Dec

StonehengeGeologists have discovered in the town of Craig and Ros-Felina Pembrokeshire County in the southwest Wales quarry, in which the ancients quarried blocks of sandstone and diabase for the construction of Stonehenge.




Most archaeologists and geologists agree that building materials could not be produced on the spot, in the southwestern part of England at the site of modern Wiltshire, and were delivered to the place of construction of the monument from South Wales, where the next deposit of the breed.

Here the views of geologists are very different – there are dozens of candidates for the production of building materials for construction of the great Stone Age. Robert of Leicester University Ikser and Richard Bevins from the National Museum of Wales studied the mineral composition of the so-called bluestones – stone slabs of diabase, relatively hard volcanic rock. They analyzed the ratio of silicon and other elements in the blue stones of Stonehenge and identified a number of points on the geological map of South Wales, where they could lie with the rock chemical composition.

After this, they compared the macroscopic structure of the samples from the deposits of diabase from the external appearance of stone slabs in the ancient monument and tried to determine their origin, guided by the realistic production and delivery of materials to the site to the south-west of England. According to their calculations, an ancient quarry was located in the town of Craig and Ros-Felino in the northern county of Pembrokeshire. In this territory mineral deposits combined with evidence of the existence of sites of ancient people. In addition, this area once was a source of water, which honored the ancient inhabitants of England and Wales. This may explain why the ancestors of modern English and Welsh were ready to haul multi-ton blocks of diabase hundreds of miles from their place of production. As noted by geologists, the final confirmation of the truth of their assumptions may be the beginning of the excavations in the vicinity of Craig and Ros-Felino and search tools that were used by ancient people for production and transportation of monoliths. Huge stones of Stonehenge were the center of one of the earliest civilizations of the world. The exact purpose of Stonehenge, scientists still are at odds, some believe that this is the altar, others – that is the oldest observatory. Recall that in 2009, British archaeologists have found traces of a miniature copy of Stonehenge just two kilometers from the famous ancient building.

In this territory mineral deposits combined with evidence of the existence of sites of ancient people. In addition, this area once was a source of water, which honored the ancient inhabitants of England and Wales. This may explain why the ancestors of modern English and Welsh were ready to haul multi-ton blocks of diabase hundreds of miles from their place of production. As noted by geologists, the final confirmation of the truth of their assumptions may be the beginning of the excavations in the vicinity of Craig and Ros-Felino and search tools that were used by ancient people for production and transportation of monoliths. Huge stones of Stonehenge were the center of one of the earliest civilizations of the world. The exact purpose of Stonehenge, scientists still are at odds, some believe that this is the altar, others – that is the oldest observatory. Recall that in 2009, British archaeologists have found traces of a miniature copy of Stonehenge just two kilometers from the famous ancient building.

Huge stones of Stonehenge were the center of one of the earliest civilizations of the world. The exact purpose of Stonehenge, scientists still are at odds, some believe that this is the altar, others – that is the oldest observatory. Recall that in 2009, British archaeologists have found traces of a miniature copy of Stonehenge just two kilometers from the famous ancient building.

 
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Posted by on December 22, 2011 in Mysterious

 

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