The Aswan Dam

01 Aug

DamThe Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, January 15, 1971 officially opened the dam across the Nile, called the Aswan Dam. Work on its construction were still in power of President Abdel Nasser, and lasted more than eleven years before the opening. Some geometrical parameters are the Aswan High Dam: Dam 3.8 km length, the height of 3 meters, the width at the base – 975 meters, and closer to the upper edge of the width is already up to 40 meters.
Resource costs for the construction of the Aswan High Dam simply unimaginable. For this unique structure was used so much stone, clay, sand and concrete which would be enough to build 17 pyramids of Cheops.
At the top of the dam was built a triumphal arch, under which passes chetyrehplostnaya road. Also on the western edge of the settled four huge spiky monolith.
One of the major achievements of the Aswan High Dam is that using it became possible to control the annual flood of the Nile. From ancient times the life of local people are directly dependent on the Nile – or rather, it floods. In most cases, the Nile did not reach their water economy of local residents, but sometimes the Nile overflowed so much that completely destroyed all the crops, which meant a year of famine for the local population. The construction of dams solve this problem, and allowed to fully utilize the huge territory.
But with the advantages and disadvantages of the dam reached. Dam has produced a significant impact on the ecological situation in the region, namely by increasing the salt level, changes in soil adjacent territory, and as a consequence, significant changes in climate in the region.
Go down the river for another 60 kilometers and you will see a century-old Aswan Dam, whose construction was completed back in 1902. At that time it was the greatest dam of its time under the name Al-Sadd – as the Arabs called it.
Just an amazing fact of the Sudan is the loss of 60 000 residents in the pattern during construction. The construction work has local residents were simply forced to move home and get away from those lands. The vast number of priceless architectural structures have been lost under the flow of newly created reservoirs. Only through the action of UNESCO have been saved by some of the most precious ancient monuments. For example, the island of fillet, was sunk under the water, but despite this, priceless temples were demolished in the outlines are part and moved to another place, situated higher above sea level. Among the survivors is the central temple dedicated to the goddess Isis, some of which date back to the first, second century BC Also, three other church moved to Kalabshu to the eastern edge of the dam. Yet the most grandiose monuments were saved at Abu Simbel, situated at a distance of 282 km south of Aswan.
In ski resort, called “Sam Aswan” ragrazhden the nature of the ideal climate, with temperatures of 20 degrees during the season, skiing. In warm seasons the temperature here can reach and 50 degrees Celsius.
Experienced people can say with confidence that dates to Asaune yavlyayutsya the most delicious in all of Egypt. Also here are interesting places for walking, for example, the mausoleum of the Aga Khan, who died in 1957. Just take a look at the remains of Coptic monastery, the ruins of ancient Elephantine Island, situated on the Nile, an ancient Muslim cemetery, with its amazing tombs, and other equally znamenitelnye antiquities.

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Posted by on August 1, 2011 in Mysterious


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