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What are the secrets of Easter Island stores?

11 Jul

IslandThe land is one of the most remote corners of our planet. It is located in the Pacific Ocean and away from the nearest inhabited island Pitkeyr 2,600 km. The island is shaped like a rectangular triangle area of ​​163.6 sq. km. km. For all three angles are available volcanoes. Yes, and the island of volcanic origin, and soil erosion has been seen as the slopes of the volcano.
Natives call their island Rapa Nui. A well-known throughout the world title he received because he was open on Easter Sunday in 1722 the Dutchman Jacob Roggevenom.
It would seem that interesting to be this tiny, remote island of the world? But Easter Island is not one riddle keeps …
Where did the first inhabitants on this tiny piece of land? This is the first of the puzzles. There were several versions, but the most plausible – two. Author of the first – the famous explorer Thor Heyerdahl , who believed that the island was colonized by settlers from ancient Peru. As proof of his theory, he even made, like the ancient Incas, long journey on a raft in 4349 miles in 101 days.
In addition, Heyerdahl and others provided evidence that in 800 Easter Island has been mastered coming from Peru. But almost all the archaeological evidence suggests that the population of the island began much earlier, in 300 years., Residents of western Polynesia.
Unfortunately, the last of the ancient Rapa-Nui is left almost no evidence, though they existed in writing, and this is the second mystery of Rapa Nui. Easter Island – one of the islands of the Pacific, which has its own system of writing, moreover, has not yet been deciphered.
Before our time has reached a very small plaques with cryptic letters Rongorongo. These texts are icons – paintings depicting people, animals and astronomical symbols. Way of writing – bustrofedon: alternating direction lines, depending on its parity. Experts studying these tablets, found similarities between them and the ancient languages ​​of the Indus Valley, Chinese characters, Euro-Asian languages ​​and the language of Quechua from the Lake Titicaca …
But the most famous puzzle of Easter Island, which for hundreds of years trying to unravel the researchers – the giant stone statues, moai. These mysterious monoliths were carved out of petrified volcanic ash. Moai is a stylized human figures with large heads on short elongated torso. They stand along the coast facing the island to face, silently watching its inhabitants …
How the ancient inhabitants of Rapa Nui, it was possible to produce these giant statues, and then move them to a fairly long distances? How are they installed on pedestals-ahu? Why do they do? To these questions there is still no clear answer. However, there are several theories.
But first the facts. Results on the island of 887 statues, 397 of them are located near the volcano Rano Raraku, in the crater of which were made and all the other moai. They also found a lot of unfinished statues, and even more abandoned hacked, that suggests the idea of ​​sudden cessation of work due to some major cataclysm.
On the island there are two types of moai. “Giants” of 10 feet tall, hatless, farts, they are mostly on the slopes of the volcano Rano Raraku, up to his neck in sedimentary rocks. And the four-meter “dwarfs”, hoisted on pedestals-ahu along the ocean coast, in the original headdresses. They look younger than their 10-foot family, and their faces are not as long.
On this evidence come to an end. Then start the theory and legends. One of the surviving legends says that once ruled the island for people with long earlobes. They were subordinate to korotkouhie. At this time, vengeance moai were built, ruthlessly cut down the palm forests, while ecology of the island has not been brought to its present sorry state. The population grew, there was nothing, not even enough wood to make boats, cannibalism began … In short, korotkouhie broke and overthrew the elite.
Most scholars agree with this version of the mysterious decline of the era of the founders of the giant stone statues. Some even supplement the general picture of the details. Thus, it is believed that korotkouhimi commoners were natives of Polynesia, and the long-eared elite – the travelers from South America, who arrived on the island somewhere in the 800, in some way for many years to seize power over the natives. This may explain the strange appearance of the moai and some features of botany, linguistics, and architecture, which Thor Heyerdahl noticed.
Found a scientific explanation and a lot of abandoned hacked into the crater of Rano Raraku. Experts believe that it worked the tools. And as to produce a new stone tool is much easier than to sharpen the old, old master threw his end-of-axes. So they gathered in hundreds of years fairly.
And unfinished idols were such because of cutting down their relatively soft volcanic tufa, the wizard ran into a solid rock, to overcome which they were not under force.
But how to deliver the stone giants in the right place? Locals say anything definite about it can not, moreover, that there were statues themselves. In their language even is a word that means the slow movement without the aid of the feet. But what they had in mind – the mysterious levitating or something more mundane – is unknown.
And then there was the theory of motion of a vertical rotation waddle. So even move the heavy drums and cylinders. Successfully conducted field trials of this method, all were placed in places: with the help of ropes and levers short wooden moai confident “step” forward.
And what, all the mysteries revealed a small island and explained from a scientific point of view? But there is still one the most fantastic version. Its adherents believe that Easter Island was once part of the legendary Lemuria and with it disappeared into the depths of the ocean.

 
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Posted by on July 11, 2011 in Island

 

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