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Discovered the remains of – Atlantis

19 Jul

The ancient mountains and river beds below the bottom of scientists found the Atlantic – another 56 million years ago to the west of today’s Shetland Islands, lying north-east of Scotland, the land lay.
Now, finding out the ocean floor to the organization of work in oil, scientists have reconstructed the prehistoric landscape, reports Live Science.
For the whole world, it looks like a map of the land of the country, as an ancient fossil landscape preserved in two kilometers under the sea, – said the chief researcher Nicky White, a geologist at the University of Cambridge (UK).
The area surveyed area is about 10 thousand square meters. kilometers. Scientists suggest that even before the appearance of man, this land was a single entity from what is now Scotland and extended to the coast of Norway.
Map of prehistoric earth, hidden beneath the sea floor, managed to draw thanks to the company, which is under contract with the oil industry served a survey of the bottom echo sounders. Letting go of the metal cylinder compressed air under high pressure equipment research thus produced sound waves that reach the ocean floor and penetrated more deeply – under the surface. And through this they passed all the features of the landscape and changes in its structure. Reflected sounds recorded by microphones installed on the cables that are pulled behind a research vessel. The obtained data allowed us to build a microphone three-dimensional images of the bottom and located beneath the relief, said White.
On the mythical Atlantis scientist recalled rugged wrinkles layer, which lies two kilometers below the surface of the bottom. Studying this layer, scientists found eight channels of major rivers. Drilled the bottom and taking rock samples, they found the remains of pollen and charcoal, which indicates that hidden under the seabed ground once was life. But above this layer as well as below it, scientists have found only signs of marine life, including fossils. This means that the land rose above the sea floor, but after 2.5 million years down again. From a geological point of view of 2.5 million years – a very short period. And the main question which now occupies the researchers, is that why it happened.
To answer this question, experts have developed a theory of so-called Icelandic plume, which describes the rise of the Earth’s mantle beneath the North Atlantic Ocean. During this process, magma rises from the depths of the earth and, resting on the seabed, blurred, like a nuclear mushroom. As a result of extremely high pressures and temperatures of the sea floor rises up and turns on the air. But when the process is temporarily lift the mantle is completed, part of the surface again lowered into the water.
In support of this theory says the chemical composition of rocks found on the seafloor around Iceland – it suggests sloshing in places hot magma. However, these data refer to a period distant from our time by only 30 million years ago, not 56, but hopes of Wight, in the future be able to find and breed specifically for the period of the disappearance of the Atlantis under the sea waters.
Since similar geologic processes occurred in other places on Earth, apparently under other sections of the sea floor waiting for humanity similar to Atlantis. And just above this Atlantis Scientists have found two more layers, though less spectacular, said White. Work of his group published in the journal Nature Geo science.

 
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Posted by on July 19, 2011 in Atlantic

 

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