Journalists discovered two puzzles Bermuda Triangle. The investigation, conducted with the participation of channel BBC, allowed naming the reasons for disappearance of two passenger planes in 1948 and 1949…
Bermuda Triangle has a sinister reputation of the area in which the missing planes and ships – allegedly without any visible circumstances and without leaving any traces. British journalists and experts in the field of aviation partially dispelled the myth of the mysterious zone of the globe.
BBC attracted attention two cases of the theft of a triangle aircraft companies British South American Airways (BSAA). This firm, one of the first organized the transportation of passengers across the Atlantic Ocean, belongs to a dark record for number of accidents near Bermuda. For three years there were 11 serious accidents, which resulted in the loss of five aircraft, killing 723 passengers and 22 crew members. A disaster 30 January 1948 and January 17, 1949 also contributed to the formation of the legend of the mysterious triangle.
How was it?
Now planes can fly in the Moscow Sheremetyevo, at an altitude of about 10 km to cross Europe and the Atlantic Ocean and then to land in New York. The first passenger planes were flying quite differently: lost at sea two liner model Avro Tudor “could fly in a straight line no more than 6 thousand kilometers, so no question of any direct flight from London, even in New York were not mentioned.
Instead, the planes flew first to the Azores, where fuel refueled, flew to Bermuda and from there sent to the U.S. or the Caribbean. “Star” Tiger “, which is January 30, 1948 was supposed to land in Bermuda to its purpose, however, never made it. The Commission, which investigated the incident, admitted that there was no reason for the disaster was not – and the matter was in the category of unexplained mysteries.
Almost a year later, on 17 January 1949, the pilot of another aircraft, the “Star Ariel”, saying during a scheduled communication session an hour after the departure of their whereabouts, then had to go. And once again found no traces: sent to search ships and planes have not found any bodies or wreckage.
Mystery or routine?
Of course, along with several other reports of loss of aircraft (for example, the U.S. Air Force in 1945 lost five machines), two catastrophes have led to a variety of versions. Up to blatant fiction: alien spaceships that arise due to special weather conditions in the atmosphere of laser beams and portals to other worlds. Version BBC modest yet persuasive.
According to the agency involved aviation experts, the main problem has become extremely unreliable design aircraft. Avro Tudors “could climb to a height of over 9 thousand meters, but at such a height is required to include special heaters: cold minus 40 degrees Celsius threatened not only the inconvenience to passengers. The pilot of the “Star Tiger”, faced with the refusal of the heater, was forced to reduce the altitude up to 600 meters, which resulted in a direct two other problems.
First, the planes fly ulterior motive at high altitude: they lower the air resistance and therefore fuel consumption. Near the surface warmer, but the fuel consumption increases dramatically: “Tiger” could simply not make it to the airfield, especially given the fact that he was blown off course, ran into unexpectedly strong headwind, and eventually delayed by at least an hour.
The second problem with low altitude – is that if the liner begins to unexpectedly fall, then at correcting his course of time for pilots is much lower. “From this height you can for a few seconds to fall into the sea”, – says Eric Newton, a visiting expert on the investigation team. Add to a small lead time, low fuel – and for the disappearance of the aircraft will not need references to aliens or other mysterious reasons.
However, low-altitude flight and the associated problems of conclusions BBC is not limited. The authors of the investigation we found out that to the Azores “Tiger” has arrived not only with the haywire heater, but with a malfunctioning compass. Golden Store, a former pilot and flight director of the airline itself BSAA, shared his memories of how were built Avro Tudors “inside. According to the pilot, under the floor of the cabin was a terrible mess: pipelines hydraulic system, through which manages the liner, side by side with air conditioning and heater.
Heater – the same broken-down – worked on aviation fuel and was a red-hot pipe in dangerous proximity to vital control system. If the hydraulic system leaked, I used it along with liquid fuel vapors can contribute to an explosion and fire, without which the system of automatic fire would lead to rapid loss of the aircraft. “In this compartment was not even alarm – told Store. – Therefore, the fire would never have learned. ”
40 years later
In the proposed 40 years later version, there is no mystery. On cruise ships, which were originally designed as military bombers, not all systems have been worked out and perfected, fuel supplies are not allowed to fly over the ocean directly, and on satellite navigation, of course, there was no question. If the year 2009 were not able to detect fragments of a modern, well-equipped A330 airliner, disappeared in the sky over the Atlantic – that speak of the very first passenger flights across the ocean? Especially as the 38 built Avro Tudor “almost one in five lost, crashed or burned.
In the Bermuda Triangle, by the way, most small aircraft broke that too is hardly a strange and mysterious. Meanwhile, weather conditions in this region are quite complex. Without any unusual phenomena they combined with human error and equipment failure is enough for depressingly regular updating of the list of disasters.