The Scientists hope that for 30 March, they will begin collision of beams of protons circulating in the 27-kilometer tunnel of the Large Hadrons Collider (LHC) – the world’s largest particle accelerator. BAC is located near Geneva at the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN).
As said in a statement distributed by CERN, after the proton energy, moving around the ring collider, located at 100 meters depth on the border of Switzerland and France, was increased to a record in 7 teraelectronvolt (TeV), was determined by the start date of the research program. For the sake of it, in fact, created the LHC worth 10 billion Swiss francs ($ 9 billion).
Physicists are hoping with the analysis results of the “collision” of particles penetrate deeper into the mysteries of matter, achieve the highest ever studied energies. In the most optimistic outcome, researchers will be able to recreate the conditions that existed 13 billion years ago after a split second after the Big Bang, which led by one estimate, to the emergence of our universe. That is actually closer to the answer, what was created that surrounds us.
BAC was first launched in September 2008, but after a few days, was stopped due to technical problems. After that, he was re-launched in November 2009, this time successfully. BAC has set one record after another, the energy of protons circulating in his ring – they are accelerated to near light speed and are held in a space with thousands of superconducting magnets, the total length of more than 22 kilometers, cooled to minus 271 degrees. At the present collider energies will work within the next 18-24 months. In 2011, the LHC, which is a major tool for investigating the microscopic world, will be stopped at an annual preventive maintenance. During this time, scientists intend to make further improvements, which will launch it in 2013 already on the maximum energy of – 14 TeV.