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Large Hadron Collider newly active Again

01 Mar

Large Hadron Collider (LHC), located near Geneva at the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN), re-launched. As said in a statement distributed by CERN on its Internet site, the first beams of protons began to circulate on the 27-kilometer tunnel “in each direction at 06:10 Moscow time. Now scientists will gradually increase the speed of moving through a tunnel of protons, located on the 100-meter depth on the border of Switzerland and France.

Their goal with the help of thousands of superconducting magnets, the total length of more than 22 kilometers, cooled to minus 271 degrees to disperse the beams up to speed, almost corresponding to the speed of light.
Scientists hope that soon they will be able to bring the energy up to 7 teraelectronvolt (TeV), or 3.5 TeV per beam. Then start the experiments, for which, indeed, created in the LHC cost 10 billion Swiss francs ($ 9 billion) at current rates. Through analysis of the collision of particles of physics are hoping to penetrate the secrets of matter, to obtain the highest ever studied indicators of energy. At the moment a record is the LHC proton beams at the collision energy of 2.36 TeV. It happened in December last year. Thus, it was resolved to record this level of fighting in 1.96 TeV or less than 1 TeV per beam, made at the collider built near Chicago “Tevatron” laboratory “Fermi”. After this collider was transferred to the standby mode, ITAR-TASS.

Large Hadron Collider (LHC) (photo) – the world’s largest particle accelerator, which will help to learn the secret of the universe. LHC – a 27-kilometer tunnel, dug in the hundred meter depth, the acceleration of protons in the beams that run 53 superconducting magnet. That they have become a bottleneck Collider – magnets can operate only at temperatures close to absolute zero (minus 273 degrees Celsius). The first launch was accompanied by a collider rumors that his work can be potentially dangerous, but scientists have refuted these conjectures. According to its scientific value of the start Collider near Geneva is far superior even fly to the moon. Above its creation 14 years, scientists from 40 countries.

 
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Posted by on March 1, 2010 in Historical

 

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