Once mighty communist empire has spared no means to defend nor to science. And from the Pacific Ocean to the middle of Europe rose aimed into space huge antenna, and hid in the forests of secret military bunkers. With the collapse of the Union of the content of many of these objects to the heirs could not afford. Yes and no interest in science, the newly formed young states, but the task of defending the borders assigned to powerful neighbors.
Here are just a few of the thousands of buildings hidden in the mountains and forests of secret and not very objects that characterize all the power of the empire collapsed. But this is only the least valuable, prove to be unnecessary during the division of property between the once-fraternal republics.
Balaklava, Crimea, Ukraine
Secret submarine base in a small Crimean town of Balaklava – one of the largest military installations that have been abandoned after the collapse of the USSR. Since 1961, under a mountain located Tavros complex, which contained ammunition (including nuclear) and performed repairs submarines. In the dock base could shelter up to 14 submarines of different classes, and the whole complex was able to withstand a direct hit of a nuclear bomb capacity of up to 100 kT. Abandoned in 1993 the site was pillaged for scrap metal by local residents and only in 2002 on the remains of the submarine base was organized by the museum complex.
Abandoned missile silos, Kekava, Latvia
After the collapse of the empire the young republic inherited a lot of military equipment, including scattered forest launching tubes ballistic missiles. Not far from the capital of Latvia are the remains of a missile complex “Dvina”. Built in 1964, the object consisted of 4 silos depth of about 35 meters and underground bunkers. Much of the premises is currently flooded, and a visit to the launcher without an experienced guide is not recommended. Also pose a threat and remains toxic rocket fuel.
Giant excavators, Moscow Region
Until 1993 Lopatinsky Phosphorite mine was quite successful existing fields, which were obtained more necessary for Soviet agriculture resources. And with the advent of market economy, abandoned a career with giant bucket excavators have become a place of pilgrimage for tourists. Since visiting should hurry, huge mechanical dinosaurs gradually dismantled for scrap. But even after the dismantling of the latest technology Lopatinskies career through unearthly landscapes will remain very remarkable place.
Woodpecker, Pripyat, Ukraine
Titanic building erected in 1985 to detect launches of intercontinental ballistic missiles, could operate successfully and to this day, but in fact worked less than a year. Giant antenna height of 150 meters and a length of 800 consumed so much electricity, which was built almost right up to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, and, of course, ceased its operation together with the explosion station. Currently in the Pripyat and including the foot of the radar carry excursions, but to climb into the 150-meter run the risk of only one.
Station study the ionosphere, Zmiyiv, Ukraine
Almost before the collapse of the Soviet Union near Kharkov station was built ionospheric research, which was a direct analogue to the American project HAARP in Alaska, well, and today. Central Station complex consisted of several antenna fields and the giant parabolic antenna with a diameter of 25 meters, capable of radiating power output of 25 MW. But the young Ukrainian state advanced, and very expensive, scientific equipment was useless, and once the secret station is now interested only stalkers and hunters for non-ferrous metals. And of course, tourists.
Deserted particle accelerator, Moscow Region
In the late 80’s agonizing Soviet Union decided to build a huge particle accelerator. Ring tunnel length of 21 kilometers at a depth of 60 meters, and is near Protvino near Moscow – the city of nuclear physicists. This is less than a hundred kilometers from Moscow to Simferopol highway. In the accelerator tunnel is ready even began to import the equipment, but then came the succession of political upheavals and the domestic “Hadron Collider” and left to rot in the ground.
Marine City “Oil Rocks, Azerbaijan
Union needed oil and 40 of the last century in the Caspian Sea, 42 kilometers east of the Absheron Peninsula began its offshore production. And around the first platform began to grow the city, also located on the metal racks and embankments. In the heyday of the high seas in 110 km from Baku were built power plants, nine-storey building dormitories, hospitals, cultural center, bakery and even a lemonade shop. It was in the oil and a small park with real trees. Oil stones – more than 200 fixed platforms and the length of streets and alleys of this city in the sea up to 350 kilometers. But cheap Siberian oil has made offshore production unprofitable and the village began to fall into neglect. Today is home to only about 2 thousand people.