The history of IT has many paradoxes, when great ideas to improve the world, not become a reality. Publication PC Advisor offers a list of such ideas.
1. Artificial Intelligence
Period: Late 1950 – present
Once the great scholars of the past thought that they would build the machine, who can think, make decisions, listen and speak.
These ideas gave rise to many science fiction films and books, the plot of which is built on the fact that machines become smarter than humans and begin to destroy them.
However, despite the tremendous advances in the development of technology, artificial intelligence and did not work fully.
Even in 1964, of Stanford Artificial Intelligence Laboratory assured that after 10 years will be truly intelligent machine. However, this has not happened so far.
Perhaps this is due to the fact that the leading companies engaged in the first place the creation of industrial computers, rather than research. Despite broad support from public research funds, artificial intelligence technology is still unrealized.
Meanwhile, some elements used in modern artificial intelligence expert systems, for example, in banking applications, capable of detecting fraudulent transactions in the accounts of clients.
Other examples of artificial intelligence – a speech recognition and handwriting recognition, business process management, data collection and medical diagnostics.
Perhaps in the near future development of artificial intelligence will receive a new impetus thanks to funding from Google and NASA
2. CASE-technology (Computer-Aided Software Engineering)
Period: mid 1980 – mid 1990
In the 1980’s, many analysts believed that the next stage of technology development will be aided coding. Profession: software developer will become obsolete due to CASE-tool to automatically generate the code using intelligent algorithms.
Today, CASE-technology is used in many large software companies such as Microsoft. However, the possibility of CASE-technology is still very limited
3. Thin Client
Period: early 1990 – present
According to the authors ideas, thin client can save from 30 to 70% of the user cost of IT. The idea of using thin client computing means the transfer of operations to a powerful central server. This server is easier to maintain, its value will be lower than the total value of the park computers. Accordingly, conventional PC can be replaced by less powerful terminals.
However, in practice it was found that thin clients do not always carry out their task. Furthermore, many servers do not support typical operations. Another disadvantage of technology – lack of bandwidth. To solve all these tasks required large investments, which negated the economic benefits of implementing thin client.
In addition, many users were not mentally prepared to part with personal computers, perceiving them as their own computing space. As a result, thin clients are used only in factories and large stores.
4. ERP Systems
Period: mid 1990 – present
ERP-system designed to integrate into a single environment all the information flows of the enterprise – finance and accounting, human resources, accounting, procurement, customer information. According to the authors, it simplifies management business, making it more complete.
However, the ideology of management used in the ERP-systems, in fact, very different from that to which users are accustomed to. Managers of enterprises were faced with a choice – change people or software.
Researchers found that many functional ERP-project used only one-third. 40% of the enterprises, which used ERP, did not feel the benefits of their implementation, calling the process “very difficult” or “extremely difficult”.
Period: 1999 – 2002 year
In the mid 90’s it was thought that 10 years, by 2005, 35% B2B-transactions will be conducted with the help of special services – B2B sites.
It was expected that these tools are revolutionizing the way business organization on the web. Buyers and sellers should have to communicate among themselves on-line trading platforms, which would significantly reduce the costs of procurement, while improving efficiency.
However, B2B-bubble burst soon after the establishment, although many large companies, such as car dealers and manufacturers of PCs, it experienced.
6. Social Media
Period: our time
Social media can be called a boom in the XXI century. With the help of social media, many business owners are planning to increase brand awareness, awareness of the organization of business and solve many other problems.
In reality, this means the use of staff Twitter, Facebook and countless other social networks. However, people do not always have to do it, representing his company.
Meanwhile, the proper use of social media has its advantages. Employees can use Twitter to discuss new ideas and collaborate on projects (instead, they write that they go to lunch or play “Mafia”). Many analysts believe that social media – it is more cost than benefits. For example, one of the major challenges of social media is the excessive openness of staff who can make public confidential information.